EXAMINING RELIGIOUS MODERATION OF THE AL-JAM'IYATUL WASHLIYAH FATWA COUNCIL

Mhd. Syahnan, Ja'far Ja'far

Abstract


Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah was founded in 1930 in Medan North Sumatera, a plural region religion-wise. Many consider Al Washliyah maintaining moderate understanding of Islam. Its Fatwa Council produced considerable number of fatwas in recent years, including fatwas that test Al Washliyah’s position on difficult issues, including issues on terrorism, non-Muslims, Islamic sects, women leadership, and LGBTs. By reviewing the organizational documents using the content analysis method, results showed that not all fatwas issued by the organization reflected its moderate claim. Regarding jihad and terrorism, Al Washliyah’s fatwa certainly against using terror in achieving religious goals. Likewise, they consider Shi’ah as orthodox as Sunni, although this decision is contentious inside Al Washliyah since many ulama within the organization opposed it. However, its fatwas in respect to religious pluralism and Islamic sects hints its conservative stance as echoed from their fatwas on interreligious marriage, non-Muslim leader, Ahmadiyah and LGBTs. This shows that such issues remain difficult test for many Indonesian Muslims as religious moderatism increasingly erodes in recent times.

Keywords


Al Washliyah; fatwa; religious moderation; Islamic sects

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, As’ad Said. Gerakan-gerakan Sosial-Politik dalam Tinjauan Ideologis: Ideologi Gerakan Pasca-Reformasi. Jakarta: LP3ES, 2012.

Amin, Muhammad. “Kualitas Hadis dalam Fatwa Al Washliyah 1998: Studi Kritik Sanad”. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Program Pascasarjana IAIN Sumatera Utara Medan, 2000.

Baharuddin. “Tipologi Pemikiran Keislaman di Indonesia Abad XXI”. MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, 33, 1 (2009), p. 111-123.

Darajat, Zakiya. “Muhammadiyah dan NU: Penjaga Moderatisme Islam di Indonesia”. Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies, 1, 1 (2017).

Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah. Hasil-hasil Sidang Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah yang Dilaksanakan pada Tanggal 15-18 Juli 1998 M/21-24 R. Awal 1419 H di Universitas Muslim Nusantara (UMN) Al Washliyah. Medan: Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah, 1998.

Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah. Keputusan-keputusan Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah (1933-2020), edited by Ja’far, et al. Medan: Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah and Perdana Publishing, 2020.

Dhofier, Zamakhsyari. Tradisi Pesantren: Studi Pandangan Hidup Kyai dan Visinya Mengenai Masa Depan Indonesi. Jakarta: LP3ES, 2011.

Hilmy, Masdar. “Eksemplar Moderatisme Islam Indonesia: Refleksi dan Retrospeksi atas Moderatisme NU dan Muhammadiyah”. Kompas, May 9, 2012.

Hilmy, Masdar. “Quo-Vadis Islam Moderat Indonesia? Menimbang Kembali Modernisme Nahdlatul Ulama dan Muhammadiyah”. Miqot: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, 36, 2 (2012).

Huda, Syamsul, “The Local Construction of Religious Blasphemy in East Java”. Journal of Indonesia Islam, 13, 1 (2019)

Ja’far, and Irwansyah (eds). Biografi Pengurus dan Anggota Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah Periode 2015-2020. Medan: Manhaji, 2016.

Ja’far, “Peran Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah dalam Merevitalisasi Madhhab Shafi’i di Era Kontemporer”. Justicia Islamica, 13, 1 (2016).

Ja’far. “Respons Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah terhadap Isu Akidah dan Syariah di Era Global”. al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam, 10,1 (2016), pp. 97-118.

Ja’far. Dewan Fatwa Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah: Sejarah dan Fatwa-fatwa. Medan: Perdana Publishing & Dewan Fatwa Al Washliyah, 2020.

Mujiburrahman. Mengindonesiakan Islam: Representasi dan Ideologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2008.

Nasution, Kholidah. “Metode Ijtihad Al Washliyah Periode 1988-1998”. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Program Pascasarjana IAIN Sumatera Utara Medan, 2000.

Pengoeroes Besar Djam‘ijatoel Washlijah. “Keringkasan Riwajat Hasil dan Oesaha Pekerdjaan Al Djamijatoel Washlijah Selama 5 Tahoen Moelai Tanggal 30 November 1930–30-11-1935,” Medan Islam, No. 27, 1 Syawal 1354/January 1936.

Saragih, Aliman. “Kontribusi Al Jam’iyatul Washliyah Terhadap Kemerdekaan Indonesia (1930-1950)”. MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, 40, 1 (2016).

Siddik, Dja’far & Rosnita. “Gerakan Pendidikan Al Washliyah di Sumatera Utara”. Ulumuna: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 18, 1 (2014).

Sjamsuddin, Udin. Chutbah Pengurus Besar Memperingati Ulang Tahun Al Djamijatul Washlijah Seperempat Abad: 30 November 1930-30 November 1955. Medan: Pengurus Besar Al Djamijatul Washlijah, 1955.

Sjihab, Abdurrahman. “Memperingati Al Djam‘ijatul Washlijah 21 Tahun 30 November 1930-30 November 1951,” in M. Husein Abd. Karim (ed.), 21 Tahun Al Dj. Washlijah 30 Nov. 1930-30 Nov. 1951. Medan: Pengurus Besar Al Djamijatul Washlijah, 1951.

Sucipto. “Pergeseran Istinbath al-Ahkam Dewan Fatwa Al Jam‘iyatul Washliyah (Analisis terhadap Metodologi Istinbath al-Ahkam Sebelum dan Sesudah tahun 1997)”. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Program Pascasarjana IAIN Sumatera Utara Medan, 2000.

Suharto, Toto. “Indonesianisasi Islam: Penguatan Islam Moderat dalam Lembaga Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia,” Al-Tahrir, 17, 1 (2017).

Sulaiman, Nukman. Al Washliyah. Vol 1 and 2. Medan: Pustaka Azizi, 1967.

Suprayitno. “Islamisasi di Sumatera Utara: Studi tentang Batu Nisan di Kota Rantang dan Barus”. MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, 36, 1 (2012).

Suryana, Yayan. Tradisionalisme dan Modernisme Islam di Indonesia: Kajian atas Pemikiran Keagamaan Haji Ahmad Sanusi 1889-1950. Yogyakarta: Gapura, 2012.

Wahid, Ramli Abdul. “Kekerasan dalam Pandangan Islam”. Unpublished Paper.

Interviews

Interview with Abd. Rahman Dahlan, Al Washliyah’s scholar in Jakarta, September 18, 2019.

Interview with Imam Yazid, Deputy Secretary of Al Washliyah Fatwa Council, September 19, 2019.

Interview with KH. Ovied, Al Washliyah’s scholar in Jakarta, September 19, 2019.

Interview with M. Nasir, Deputy Secretary of Al Washliyah Fatwa Council, September 19, 2019.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2021.15.1.21-46

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

Creative Commons License

View My Stats

Journal of Indonesian Islam (ISSN 1978-6301 and E-ISSN 2355-6994) is published by the Postgraduate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Journal of Indonesian Islam by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright 2020 State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya. Powered by Public Knowledge Project OJS.