THE APLICATION OF ISLAMIC LAW IN INDONESIA: The Case Study in Aceh

Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad

Abstract


This article provides an historical account of the implementation of Islamic law in Aceh and how the issue of Islamic law has been debated. The study will give more emphasis on the dynamics of the implementation of Islamic law, its historical development, typologies of Islamic law, leaders’ opinions regarding this issue, and the governments’ responses. This study argues that Islamic law in Aceh has been misinterpreted merely as h{udu>d law. In addition, it argues that the provincial government tends to put heavy emphasis on symbolic religious issues (such as the Islamic dress code and the usage of Arabic signs and letterheads), rather than the substance of Islamic law such as justice and prosperity for all. Finally, the study has made evident that implementing Islamic law is never a good method of attempting to resolve conflict. There is no need to establish Islamic law formally through the political process because, when politics enters in religious arena, it carries with it many interests.


Keywords


Aceh; Shariah; Qanun; Adat; Hudud

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Weiss, Bernard G. (ed.). Studies in Islamic Legal Theory, Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Woodward, Mark R. Toward a New Paradigm: Recent Developments in Indonesian Islamic Thought. Tempe: Arizona State University, 1996.

Yasin, Norhamshimad Moh. Islamisation/Malaynisation: a Study on the Role of Islamic Law in the Economic Development of Malaysia, 1969-1993. Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka Hayati, 1996.

Yasuda, Nobuyuki. “Law and Development in ASEAN Countries”, ASEAN Economic Bulletin, 10 (2) (1993): pp. 144-154.

Zain, Mohn Izani bin Mohd. “Barisan Alternatif Selepas Tiga Tahun”, Minda, June 2002.

Electronic Sources

Amnesty International. “‘Shock Therapy’: Restoring Order in Aceh, 1989-1993”, Mon. Aug 02, http://acehnet.tripod.com/¬shock.htmfx

“Mahathir: Malaysia is a 'fundamentalist state'” http://archives.cnn.-com/2002/WORLD/asiapcf/southeast/06/18/malaysia.mahathir, accessed15 October 2004.

http://www.parti-pas.org/IslamicStateDocument.php.

Interviews

Ali Jauhary, May 2004.

Al-Yasa Abubakar, May 2004.

Hasanuddin Yusuf Adan, May 2004.

Helmy Hass, July 2004

Irwandar, May 2004.

Iskandar Budiman, May 2004.

M. Hasbi Amiruddin, May 2004.

M. Adli Abdullah, July 2004.

Mohd. Abdurrahman, June 2004.

Marlinda Puteh, May 2004.

Mudawali, May 2004

Nurdin, July 2004.

Nurjannah Ismail, May 2004.

Safwan Idris, July1999.

Yusuf Hasan, May 2004.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.1.135-180

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