LEGAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN AND THEIR BIOLOGICAL FATHER: The Analysis of Constitutional Court Decree No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010 in the Perspective of Civil and Islamic Law

Marilang Marilang

Abstract


In Indonesia, children born out of wedlock only have legal relationship or family lineage relationship with their mother and mother’s family, not with their biological father and biological father’s family. This provisions of law are arranged in Article 43 paragraph (1) of Marriage Law No. 1 of 1974 which is highly influenced by Shafi’ite School of Islamic jurisprudence. Through judicial review of Aisyah (Machica) Mochtar and her son named M. Iqbal Ramadhan, Constitutional Court has agreed to waive the provisions by means of the Decree Number 46/PUU-VIII/2010 with legal consideration that the concerned article contravenes the Constitution, then it creates new legal norm which states those children have legal relationship and family lineage with their mother and mother’s family and also the man who is their father. The Decree sparks controversies concerning the term ‘children born out of wedlock’ and ‘legal relationship’ in the decree. Contrary to many law experts, the article argues that the term ‘children born out of wedlock’ simply means children born from zina (adultery or fornication). Thus, ‘legal relationship’ only refer to limited relationship between both parties.

Keywords


Illegitimate children; Indonesian law; Islamic law

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asnawi, Habib Shulton. “Politik Hukum Putusan MK No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010 Tentang Status Anak di Luar Nikah: Upaya Membongkar Positivisme Hukum Menuju Perlindungan HAM.” Journal of Constitutional, Volume 10, Number 2, June 2013.

Budhayati, Christianti Tri. “Putusan MK No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010, Merombak Hukum Kekeluargaan Di Indonesia,” Jurnal Refleksi Hukum, October 2012.

Constitutional Court of Republic of Indonesia. “Keadilan Anak di Luar Nikah.” Constitutional Court Magazine, No. 61, 2012.

Djamil, Fathurrahman. “Pengakuan Anak Luar Nikah dan Akibat Hukumnya.” in Chuzaimah T. Yanggo and Hafiz Anshary, Problematika Hukum Islam Komtemporer. Jakarta: Firdaus, 2002.

Erlina, “Access To Justice ‘Anak Di Luar Perkawinan’ (Analisis Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 46/PUU-VIII/ 2010 Tentang Pengujian Pencatatan Perkawinan dan Status Hukum Anak yang Dilahirkan dari Perkawinan yang Tidak Tercatat Undang Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan).” Constitution Journal, PSHK Universitas Islam Indonesia Cooperate with Constitutional Court of Republic of Indonesia, Volume I No. 1, November 2012.

Fatwa of Majelis Ulama Indonesia No. 11 of 2012 Regarding Kedudukan Anak Hasil Zina dan Perlakuan Terhadapnya, 2012, pg. 10.

Istiqamah. Hukum Perdata Di Indonesia. Makassar: Alauddin University Press, 2011.

Istiqamah. Hukum Waris dan Benda. Makassar: Alauddin University Press, 2012.

Mukhlas, Oyo Sunaryo. “Menakar Kekuatan dan Implikasi Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi No 46 Tahun 2010.” http://www.fshuinsgd.ac.id/2012/12/13/menakar-kekuatan-dan-implikasi-putusan-mahkamah-konstitusi-nomor-46-tahun-2010-oleh-h-oyo-sunaryo-mukhlas1/, accessed on November 10, 2016.

Pahlefi. “Implikasi Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi No. 46/PUUVIII/2010 Terhadap Anak Dari Perkawinan Siri.” Journal of Law, Volume 6, No. 1 (February 2015).

Prakoso, Djoko and I Ketut Murtika. Asas asas hukum perkawinan di Indonesia. Bina Aksara, Jakarta, 1987.

Rasid, Chatib. “Anak Lahir Di Luar Nikah (Secara Hukum) Berbeda dengan Anak Hasil Zina, Kajian Yuridis Terhadap Putusan MK NO. 46/PUU-VII/2012.” Paper presented in Seminar Status Anak Di Luar Nikah dan Hak Keperdataan lainnya, on 10 April 2012, in IAIN Walisongo Semarang.

Sihombing, Eka N.A.M. “Kedudukan Anak Luar Nikah Pasca Putusan MK Nomor 46/PUU-VIII/2010.” http://sumut.kemenkumham.go.id/berita/berita-utama/399-kedudukan-anak-luar-nikah-pasca-putusan-mk-nomor-46puu-viii.

Sofyan, Syafran. “Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Tentang Status Anak Luar Kawin.” http://www.jimlyschool.com/read/analisis/256/putusan-mahkamah-konstitusi-tentang-status-anak-luar-kawin/, accessed on November 10, 2016.

Sukerti, Ni Nyoman et al. “Sikap masyarakat Hukum Adat Terhadap Putusan MK No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010 Terkait Kedudukan Anak Luar Kawin.” Journal of Master of Law Udayana, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015.

The Decree of Constitutional Court Number 46/PUU-VIII/2010.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.335-354

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats