Akhmad Nurul Kawakip, Sulanam Sulanam


This paper aims at exploring shared values in a traditional Islamic boarding school, Pesantren Sidogiri one of the oldest educational institutions in Indonesia, and their impact on the pesantren’s identity construction. Pesantren Sidogiri has been running for nearly three centuries with all of the distinctive characteristics and customs. Through ethnographic study this article seeks how the community in this particular pesantren engages with the educational system organised based on their shared values. The results demonstrate that the shared values preserved shape the identity of the traditional Islamic education institution namely persistent greater emphasis on Islamic teaching, moral development, and shared awareness not to depend on the states’ policies in two areas: teaching materials and funding.


Islamic educational identity; traditional pesantren; Sidogiri; shared values; Islamic education

Full Text:



Arifin, Imron, Juharyanto, Mustiningsih, and Ahmad Taufiq. “Islamic Crash Course as a Leadership Strategy of School Principals in Strengthening School Organizational Culture.” Sage Open 8, 3 (2018).

Azizah, Nurul, Joseph Okwesili Nkwede, and Mohammad Armoyu. “The Octopus-like Power of Pesantren Dynasty in the Dynamics of Local Politics.” Cogent Social Sciences 7, 1 (2021).

Azra, Azyumardi. Esai-Esai Intelektual Muslim. Jakarta: Logos, 1989.

———. “Islamic Thought; Theory, Concept, and Doctrines in the Context of Southeast Islam.” Islam in Southeast Asia: Political, Social and Strategic Challenges for the 21st Century, 3–21. Singapore: ISEAS, 2005.

Budiwiranto, Bambang. “Modernization and Pesantren Based Community Development in Indonesia.” Jawi 2, 1 (2019).

———. “Pesantren and Participatory Development: The Case of the Pesantren Maslakul Huda of Kajen, Pati, Central Java.” Journal of Indonesian Islam 3, 2 (2009).

Le Compte, M & Schensul, JJ. Designing and Conducting Ethnography Research. Walnut Creek: Altamara Press, 1999.

Daun, H and Walfrod, G. Educational Strategies Among Muslim in the Context of Globalisation: Some National Case Studies. Netherland: Brill NV, 2004.

Denzin, Norman K. dan Yvonna S. Lincoln. Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication, 2009.

Dhofier, Zamakhsyari. “The Pesantren Tradition: A Study of the Role of the Kyai in the Maintenance of the Traditional Ideology of Islam in Java” (1980). Accessed November 28, 2022.

Fadhillatie Azizah, Deviana, and Marzuki Marzuki. “Strengthening Disciplined Character Education in Modern Islamic Boarding School Assalaam Surakarta During The Covid-19 Pandemic.” International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding 8, 10 (2021).

Fauzi, Ahmad. “Implementation Of Multicultural Values In Islamic Religious Education.” Journal Education Multicultural of Islamic Society 2, 1 (September 4, 2021).

Fraenkel, Jack R. How to Teach about Values : An Analytic Approach. VII. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1990.

Hanafi, Yusuf, Ahmad Taufiq, Muhammad Saefi, M. Alifudin Ikhsan, Tsania Nur Diyana, Titis Thoriquttyas, and Faris Khoirul Anam. “The New Identity of Indonesian Islamic Boarding Schools in the ‘New Normal’: The Education Leadership Response to Covid-19.” Heliyon 7, 3 (2021).

Hobbie, Marian, John Convey, and Merylann Schuttloffel. “The Impact of Catholic School Identity and Organizational Leadership on the Vitality of Catholic Elementary Schools.” Journal of Catholic Education 14, 1 (2010).

Jenkins, Richard. Social Identity. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.

Karwowska, Elżbieta. “Creating Shared Value by the University.” Social Responsibility Journal 17, 1 (2021).

Lukens-Bull, Ronald A., and Zamakhsyari Dhofier. “The Pesantren Tradition: A Study of the Role of the Kyai in the Maintenance of the Traditional Ideology of Islam in Java.” The Journal of Asian Studies (2000).

Machmudi, Yon. “Modernization and Changes in Kiai-Santri Relations in Three Pesantrens in Java.” Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 16, 1 (2021).

Majid, Latifah Abdul, Haziyah Hussin, Ahmad Munawar Ismail, Zakaria Stapa, Mohd Arif Nazri, Sabri Mohamad, Fadlan Mohd Othman, and Faisal Ahmad Shah. “The Contribution of Islamic Education in Strengthening Malay Identity.” Journal of Applied Sciences Research 8, 8 (2012).

Miles, MB, and AM Huberman. “Miles and Huberman.” Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook, 2014.

Mohammed, Ahmed. “Education and Muslim Identity During a Time of Tension: Inside an American Islamic School.” Journal of School Choice 14, 3 (2020).

Muluk, Safrul, Habiburrahim Habiburrahim, Teuku Zulfikar, Janice Orrell, and Mujiburrahman Mujiburrahman. “Developing Generic Skills at an Islamic Higher Education Institution Curriculum in Aceh, Indonesia.” Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning 9, 3 (2019).

Nasir, Ridlwan. Mencari Tipologi Format Pendidikan Ideal. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2005.

Panjwani, Farid. “Agreed Syllabi and Un-Agreed Values: Religious Education and Missed Opportunities for Fostering Social Cohesion.” British Journal of Educational Studies 53, 3 (2005).

Priatna, Tedi. “Students’ Identity Formation: A Case Study of Integrated Islamic Schooling in Indonesia.” International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology 29, 3 (2020).

Pribadi, Yanwar. “Sekolah Islam ( Islamic Schools ) as Symbols of Indonesia ’ s Urban Muslim Identity” (2021).

Rahtikawatie, Yayan, Saifuddin Chalim, and Teti Ratnasih. “Investigating The Role of Religious Leadership at Indonesia’s Islamic Boarding Schools in The Sustainability of School Management.” Eurasian Journal of Educational Research 2021, no. 96 (2021).

Raihani. “Report on Multicultural Education in Pesantren.” Compare 42, 4 (2012).

Raihani, Raihani. “Successful School Leadership In Indonesia: Perspectives of the Principals.” Al-Fikra : Jurnal Ilmiah Keislaman 5, 2 (2017).

Riyadi, Ahmad Ali. “Respon Pesantren Terhadap Perubahan Sosial Politik Di Indonesia.” Hermenia 3, 1 (2004).

ibn Saurah, Abi Isa Muhammad Ibn Isa. Sunan al Tirmidzi. Vol. 5. Egypt: Maktabah Mustofa Bab al Halaby wa Auladuh, 1975.

Setiyani, Wiwik. “The Exerted Authority of Kiai Kampung in the Social Construction of Local Islam.” Journal of Indonesian Islam 14, 1 (2020).

Talbani, Aziz. “Pedagogy, Power, and Discourse: Transformation of Islamic Education.” Comparative Education Review 40, 1 (1996).

Tan, Charleen. “Educative Tradition and Islamic Schools in Indonesia.” Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 14 (2014).

Tan, Charlene. “‘Our Shared Values’ in Singapore: A Confusion Perspective.” Educational Theory 62, 4 (2012).

Tan, Charlene, and Azhar Ibrahim. “Humanism, Islamic Education, and Confucian Education.” Religious Education 112, 4 (2017).

Wahid, Abdurrahman. Pondok Pesantren Masa Depan. Bandung: Pustaka Hidayah, 1999.

Wildana Wargadinata, Wahid murni, Abdussakir. Esa Nur Wahyuni, Iffat Maimunah. “Alternative Education in the Global Era: Education in Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School.” Libraray Philosophy and Practice 12 (2019).

Zarkasyi, Abdullah Syukri. “Langkah Pengembangan Pesantren.” In Rekonstruksi Pendidikan Dan Tradisi Pesantren; Religiusitas Iptek. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2012.

Zarkasyi, Hamid Fahmy. “Imam Zarkasyi’s Modernization of Pesantren in Indonesia: (A Case Study of Darussalam Gontor).” Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies 8, 1 (2020).

Zuhdi, Muhammad. “Challenging Moderate Muslims: Indonesia’s Muslim Schools in the Midst of Religious Conservatism.” Religions 9, 10 (2018).

Zulkifli. “Education, Identity, and Recognition: E Shi’i Islamic Education in Indonesia.” Studia Islamika 21, 1 (2014).

DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2023.17.1.27-53


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indexed by:


Creative Commons License

View My Stats

Journal of Indonesian Islam (ISSN 1978-6301 and E-ISSN 2355-6994) is published by the Postgraduate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Journal of Indonesian Islam by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright ©2020 State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya. Powered by Public Knowledge Project OJS.