BETWEEN SOCIAL HUMANISM AND SOCIAL MOBILIZATION: The Dual Role of Madrasah in the Landscape of Indonesian Islamic Education

Sunhaji Sunhaji

Abstract


This article analyzes the dual as well as overlapping role of madrasah in the history of Indonesian Islamic education. It argues that madrasah has long been playing the double roles at once; on the one hand it has served as the enlightening process of Indonesian Islam by giving a sense of moderation. It also has paved the way for the accommodation of non-religious subjects within its existing religious ones. In this sense, madrasah has played its social humanism. Madrasah, however, has been an effective means of power struggle as well as social mobilization among Muslims into the center of socio-political spheres. As Indonesian Muslims have long been marginalized by non-Islamic schooling system, madrasah has helped them struggle from their marginality through the emancipation and participation programs launched by madrasah. Muslims have been incessantly fought for their equality in terms of madrasah’s legal status and demanded more equal treatment from the state. In effect, the enactment of the Law No. 2/1989 marks a radical shift in the direction of Islamic education in Indonesia which is celebrated by the community of madrasah as a new era for their autonomy and equal status before the state.

Keywords


madrasah; social humanism; social mobilization; Islamic education; Indonesian Islam

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. Sudiraja. Agama di Zaman yang Berubah. Yogayakarta: Kanisius, 2006.

Ahmad, Mohammad Achyat. Liberalisasi Islam di Pesantren (Refleksi Pemikiran Santri). Pasuruan: Pustaka Sidogiri, 1434H.

Anwar, Ali. Pembaruan Pendidikan di Pesantren Lirboyo Kediri. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2011.

Aripin, Jaenal, Syamsul Adham and Fauzan (eds). Kajian Islam Multidisipliner. Jakarta: Lemlit UIN Jakarta, 2009.

Azra, Azyumardi. “Pesantren and Madrasa: Muslim Schools and National Ideas in Indonesia.” in Robert W. Hefner & Muhammad Qasim Zaman (eds.). Scooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Baharudin. Dikotomi Pendidikan Islam: Historisitas dan Implikasi pada Masyarakat Islam. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosda Karya, 2011.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia Jakarta: Gramedia, 2015.

Freire, Paulo. Politik Pendidikan: Kebudayaan, Kekuasaan dan Pembebasan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

Fuad, Muhammad. Pendidikan sebagai Transformasi Sosial: Telaah terhadap Filsafat Pendidikan Paulo Freire. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia, 2010.

Geaves, Ron. “Islam and Conscience.” in Jayne Hoose (ed.). Conscience in World Religions. Notre Damme: University of Notre Damme Press, 1999.

Giddens, Anthony. Teori Strukturasi: Dasar-dasar Pembentukan Struktur Sosial Masyarakat. translated by Maufur and Daryatno. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2010.

Goodman, Lenn E. Islamic Humanism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Huda, Nurul. “Madrasah: Sebuah Perjalanan untuk Eksis” in Ismail SM, Abdul Kholiq (eds). Dinamika Pesantren dan Madrasah. Semarang: Faculty of Tarbiyah IAIN Walisongo in collaboration with Pustaka Pelajar, 2002.

Ismail SM et al. Dinamika Pesantren dan Madrasah. Semarang: Fakultas Tarbiyah IAIN Walisongo in collaboration with Pustaka Pelajar, 2002.

Kahar. “Pendidikan Islam dalam Pandangan Pendidikan Nasional.” Jurnal Al-Qolam, 8:1 (2016).

Khariri. Islam dan Budaya Masyarakat. Purwokerto-Yogyakarta: STAIN Purwokerto Press in collaboration with Fajar Pustaka, 2008.

Kingham, Robert. “Basic Education in Indonesia.” in Mathew Clarke & Simon Feeny (eds). Education for the End of Poverty: Implementing all the Millenium Development Goals. New York: Nova Science Publisher, 2007.

Latief, Hilman and Alpha R. Amirrachman. “Islamic Philanthrpy and the Rights to Education: Modalities of Education Provision for Underprivileged Groups in Indonesia.” in Kun Eng Kuah and Jason Eng Thye Tan (eds). Educating Marginalized Communities in East and Southeast Asia. London & New York: Routledge, 2017.

Leonard, David C. Learning Theories A to Z. Westport and London: Greenwood Press Publication, 2002.

Maksum. Madrasah: Sejarah & Perkembangannya. Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu dan Pemikiran, 1999.

Mawardi, Kholid. Mahzab Sosial Keagamaan NU. Purwokerto-Yogyakarta: STAIN Purwokerto Press in collaboration with dengan Grafindo, 2006.

Murni Rachmawati. “Humanisme (Kembali) dalam Arsitektur.” Jurnal Nalars, 9:2 (July 2010): pp. 103-116

Nata, Abuddin. Kapita Selekta Pendidikan Islam: Isu-isu Kontemporer tentang Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2012.

Qomar, Mujamil. Pesantren: Dari Transformasi Metodologi menuju Demokratisasi Institusi. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga, 2007.

Saridjo, Marwan. Bunga rampai Pendidikan Agama Islam. Jakarta: CV Amissco, 1996.

Sirozi, Muhammad. Politik Kebijakan Pendidikan di Indonesia: peran tokoh-tokoh Islam dalam penyusunan UU No 2/1989. Leiden-Jakarta: INIS, 2004.

Sri Utami, “Kesadaran Kritis dan Humanisme dalam Globalisasi: Kajian Pemikiran Edward W. Said tentang Worldliness Humanism.” in Proceeding the 5th Internasional Conference Indonesian Studies: “Ethnicity and Globalization”.

Steenbrink, Karel A. Pesantren, Sekolah, Madrasah: Pendidikan Islam dalam Kurun Moderen. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1986.

Subiyantoro. “Pengembangan Model Pendidikan Nilai Humanis-Religius Berbasis Madrasah.” Cakrawala Pendidikan, 32:3 (November 2013).

Sunhaji. Managemen Madrasah. Purwokerto-Yogyakarta: STAIN Purwokerto Press in collaboration with Grafindo, 2006.

Thohir, Mudjahirin. Orang Islam Jawa Pesisiran. Semarang: Puslit Sosial Budaya Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Diponegoro in collaboration with Fasino, 2006.

Wahid, Abdul. “Manajemen Berbasis Madrasah”, Ismail SM (ed), Dinamika Pesantren dan Madrasah, Semarang: Fakultas Tarbiyah IAIN Walisongo in collaboration with Pustaka Pelajar, 2002.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.1.125-144

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

  

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats