MUSLIM POLITICS AND DEMOCRACY: The Case of Indonesia

Olle Törnquist

Abstract


This article tries to scrutinize the complexity of dealing with the attempts at crafting democracy in In­donesia. It relates the issue of deploying religion among Muslim actors with the issue of state-market power-relations. With regard to the failing attempts of democra­tization, the writer argues that the problem does not lie with religion and Islam as such, but with demo­cratisation that has run aground for a number of reasons. The real challenge is to develop more independent means of political representation. In his opinion, quoting Demos’ survey, the major task in the country at large is to build popularly rooted and representative civic-political orga­nisations. He goes on to argue that while Muslim po­litics may promote measures against corruption, and neo-liberal actors may foster the rule of the laws they have shaped, both tendencies neglect independent popular repre­sen­tation to promote politically equal control of public affairs.

Keywords


Democracy; civil society; equal citizenship; public sphere; muslim democrats

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beetham, David, et. al. International IDEA Handbook on Democracy Assessment. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002.

Harriss, John, et. al. (eds.). Politicising Democracy, The New Local Politics of Democratisation. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2004.

Khan, Mushtaq H. “Markets, States and Democracy: Patron-Client Networks and the Case for Democracy in Developing Countries.” Democratization, Vol. 12, No. 5, December 2005: pp. 707-724.

Liddle, William R. (ed.). Crafting Indonesian Democracy. Jakarta: PPW-LIPI, Ford Foundation and Mizan Pustaka, 2001.

Prasetyo, Stanley, et. al. Indonesia’s Post-Soeharto Democracy Movement, Jakarta: Demos, 2003.

Priyono, A.E, et. al. (eds.). Making Democracy Meaningful, Problems and Options in Indonesia (Forthcoming). Jakarta and Singapore: Demos and ISEAS, 2007.

Tabellini, Guido, “Economic Reforms Proceed Democracy”. Jakarta Post. September 15, 2005.

Törnquist, Olle. Dilemmas of Third World Communism: The Destruction of the PKI in Indonesia. London: Zed, 1984.

----------. What’s Wrong with Marxism? Vo.1: On Capitalists and State in India and Indonesia. Vol. 2: On Peasants and Workers in India and Indonesia. New Delhi: Manohar, 1989 & 1991.

----------. “Assessing Democracy from Below: A Framework and Indonesian Pilot Study”. Democratization, Vol. 13, No. 2, April 2006, pp. 227-255.

van Bruinessen, Martin. “Post-Soeharto Muslim Engagements with Civil Society and Democratization” in Hanneman Samuel & Henk Schulte Nordholt (eds.). Indonesia in Transition, Rethinking ’Civil Society’, ’Region’ and ’Crisis’. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2004.

Wajidi, Farid. “NU Youth and the Making of Civil Society: Notes from the Field”, in Hanneman Samuel & Henk Schulte Nordholt (eds.). Indonesia in Transition, Rethinking ’Civil Society’, ’Region’ and ’Crisis’.

Electronic Sources

http://www.demos.or.id

http://www.kitlv.nl/renegotiating.html

http://www.worldbank.org./wbi/governance




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.1.1-17

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats