A NEW ISLAMIC KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION AND FATWA RULINGS: How Indonesias Young Muslim Scholars Interact with Online Sources

Rusli Rusli, Muhammad Syarif Hasyim, Nurdin Nurdin

Abstract


This study aims to discover Indonesia's young Muslim scholars online acquisition of knowledge and use in fatwa making habits. Using a theoretical lens from knowledge acquisition theory and Islamic sociology, we conducted our study using an interpretive case study. We used the in-depth interview to understand different perspectives of 36 young Muslim scholars on knowledge acquisition and use in their daily fatwa making within a provincial level of Indonesia Ulama Council in Central Sulawesi. The findings show that Indonesia's young Muslim scholars have referred to online knowledge sources in their fatwa making quite frequently. In addition, the young Muslim scholars also construct knowledge from online social network interaction and then use the knowledge for fatwa production. Our study has implications on the simplicity of Islamic knowledge acquisition and fatwa making. Traditional Islamic education institutions and muftis might have been reduced their roles. Further study should focus on how those traditional Islamic education sources have been reduced from young Muslim scholars perspectives.

Keywords



Full Text:

PDF

References


Adrian, Weronika T., Przemys?aw Ci??kowski, Krzysztof Kaczor, Antoni Lig?za, and Grzegorz J. Nalepa. "Web-Based Knowledge Acquisition and Management System Supporting Collaboration for Improving Safety in Urban Environment." Berlin, Heidelberg, (2012).

Al-Emran, Mostafa, and Timothy Teo. "Do Knowledge Acquisition and Knowledge Sharing Really Affect E-Learning Adoption? An Empirical Study." Education and Information Technologies (2019).

Aliyu, Mansur, Murni Mahmud, Abu Osman Md Tap, and Rasheed Mohammad Nassr. "A Preliminary Investigation of Islamic Websites Design Features That Influence Use: A Proposed Model." EJISDC 58, no. 5 (2013).

Ammirato, Salvatore, Alberto Michele Felicetti, Marco Della Gala, Heli Aramo-Immonen, Jari J. Jussila, and Hannu Krkkinen. "The Use of Social Media for Knowledge Acquisition and Dissemination in B2b Companies: An Empirical Study of Finnish Technology Industries." Knowledge Management Research & Practice 17, no. 1 (2019).

Baran, Stanley J., and Dennis K. Davis. Mass Communication Theory: Foundations, Ferment, and Future: Wadsworth Series in Mass Communication and Journalism Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012.

Becker, Carmen. "Gaining Knowledge: Salafi Activism in German and Dutch Online Forums." Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology 3 (2009).

Beckerlegge, Gwilym. "Computer-Mediated Religion: Religion on the Internet at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century." Chap. 5 In From Sacred Text to Internet, edited by Gwilym Beckerlegge, 46. London: Routledge (2017).

Brockner, Matthias. "Islamicity Creating an Islamic Cybersociety." 17: Leiden University, (2001).

Bunt, Gary R. Imuslims: Rewiring the House of Islam. London: Hurst, 2009.

Burke, Moira, Cameron Marlow, and Thomas Lento. "Social Network Activity and Social Well-Being." Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: ACM, 2010.

Caeiro, Alexandre. "The Making of the Fatwa: The Production of Islamic Legal Expertise in Europe." Archives de sciences sociales des religions 155 (2011).

Chawki, Mohamed. "Islam in the Digital Age: Counselling and Fatwas at the Click of a Mouse." Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology 5, 4 (2010).

Chryssochoidis, George, Anna Strada, and Athanasios Krystallis. "Public Trust in Institutions and Information Sources Regarding Risk Management and Communication: Towards Integrating Extant Knowledge." Journal of Risk Research 12, 2 (2009).

de Mesa, Alycia. "The Emergence and Characteristics of Virtual Worlds." Brand Avatar: Translating Virtual World Branding into Real World Success. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Esposito, J. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. London: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Fleischman, Michael, Eduard Hovy, and Abdessamad Echihabi. "Offline Strategies for Online Question Answering: Answering Questions before They Are Asked." Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics. Japan: Association for Computational Linguistics, 2003.

Glavas, Charmaine, Shane Mathews, and Rebekah Russell-Bennett. "Knowledge Acquisition Via Internet-Enabled Platforms: Examining Incrementally and Non-Incrementally Internationalizing Smes." International Marketing Review 36, no. 1 (2019).

Hosen, Nadirsyah. "Behind the Scene : Fatwas of Majelis Ulama Indonesia (1975-1998)." Journal of Islamic Studies 15, no. 2 (2004).

. "Online Fatwa in Indonesia: From Fatwa Shopping to Googling a Kiai'." Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia edited by G. Fealy & S. White, 159-73. Wollonggong: University of Wollonggong, 2008.

Jamaa, La. "Fatwas of the Indonesian Council of Ulama and Its Contributions to the Development of Contemporary Islamic Law in Indonesia." Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies 8, no. 1 (2018).

Jouili, Jeanette S., and Schirin Amir-Moazami. "Knowledge, Empowerment and Religious Authority among Pious Muslim Women in France and Germany." The Muslim World 96, no. 4 (2006).

Klein, Adam. Fanaticism, Racism, and Rage Online: Corrupting the Digital Sphere. New York: Palgrage Macmilan, 2017.

Larsson, Gran. "Religious Communities on the Internet." Militant Salafism on the Internet: Alneda.Com and the Legacy of Yusuf Al-Ayyiri, edited by Philip Halldn. Uppsala: Swedish Science, 2006.

Masud, Muhammad Khalid, Joseph A. Kchichian, Brinkley Messick, Joseph A. Kchichian, Ahmad S. Dallal, and Jocelyn Hendrickson. "Fatw?." The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford Islamic Studies. Oxford: Oxford University, 2018.

McKenna, Katelyn Y. A., and Kelly J. West. "Give Me That Online-Time Religion: The Role of the Internet in Spiritual Life." Computers in Human Behavior 23, no. 2 (2007).

Metzger, Miriam J., and Andrew J. Flanagin. "Credibility and Trust of Information in Online Environments: The Use of Cognitive Heuristics." Journal of Pragmatics 59 (2013).

Muhamad Hashim, Nazlida, and Dick Mizerski. "Exploring Muslim Consumers' Information Sources for Fatwa Rulings on Products and Behaviors." Journal of Islamic Marketing 1, no. 1 (2010).

Muilwijk, Rienco. Trust in Online Information: Comparison among High School Students, College Students and Phd Students with Regard to Trust in Wikipedia. Twente: University of Twente, 2012.

Naif Marouf, Laila. "Social Networks and Knowledge Sharing in Organizations: A Case Study." Journal of Knowledge Management 11, no. 6 (2007).

Nasrollah, Slaiman. "Knowledge Sharing Behavior in Islam and Technology Enabler." Master, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), 2018.

Nawi, Mohd Aliff Mohd, and Mohd Isa Hamzah. "Mobile Fatwa (M-Fatwa): The Integration of Islamic Fatwa through Mobile Technology." Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 15, no. 2 (2014).

Nisa, Eva F. "Creative and Lucrative Da?wa: The Visual Culture of Instagram Amongst Female Muslim Youth in Indonesia." Asiascape: Digital Asia 5, no. 1-2 (2018).

Panahi, Sirous, Jason Watson, and Helen Partridge. "Towards Tacit Knowledge Sharing over Social Web Tools." Journal of Knowledge Management 17, no. 3 (2013).

Piela, Anna. Muslim Women Online: Faith and Identity in Virtual Space. London: Routledge, 2012.

Ratcliff, Amanda Jo, Josh McCarty, and Matt Ritter. "Religion and New Media: A Uses and Gratifications Approach." Journal of Media and Religion 16, no. 1 (2017).

Reychav, Iris, and Miguel Ignacio Aguirre-Urreta. "Adoption of the Internet for Knowledge Acquisition in R&D Processes." Behaviour & Information Technology 33, no. 5 (2014).

Riza, Achmad Kemal, "Contemporary Fatawa of Nahdlatul Ulama: Between Observing the Madhhab and Adapting the Context," Journal of Indonesian Islam 5, 1 (2011).

Rusli. "Progressive Salafism in Online Fatwa." Al-jamiah 52, no. 1 (2015).

Sarker, Suprateek, Xiao Xiao, and Tanya Beaulieu. "Guest Editorial: Qualitative Studies in Information Systems: A Critical Review and Some Guiding Principles." MIS Quarterly 37, no. 4 (2013).

Scharank, Peter. "The Online Ummah." https://www.economist.com/international/2012/08/18/the-online-ummah.

isler, Vit. "European Courts' Authority Contested? The Case of Marriage and Divorce Fatwas online." Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology 3, no. 1 (2014)

Soukup, Paul A. "Islam and Islamic Teaching Online." Communication Research Trends 31, no. 1 (2012).

Strauss, Anselm, and Juliet M Corbin. Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. California, USA: Sage Publications, Inc, (1998).

Taylor, Arthur. "A Study of the Information Search Behaviour of the Millennial Generation." Information Research: An International Electronic Journal 17, no. 1 (2012).

Yin, Robert K. Case Study Research - Design and Method. London: Sage, Thousand Oaks, 2003.

Yli-Renko, Helena, Erkko Autio, and Harry J. Sapienza. "Social Capital, Knowledge Acquisition, and Knowledge Exploitation in Young Technology-Based Firms." Strategic Management Journal 22, no. 6?7 (2001).




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2020.14.2.499-518

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License

View My Stats

Journal of Indonesian Islam (ISSN 1978-6301 and E-ISSN 2355-6994) is published by the Postgraduate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Journal of Indonesian Islam by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright ©2020 State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya. Powered by Public Knowledge Project OJS.