THE AUTONOMY OF INDONESIAN MUSLIM WOMEN IN THE NOVEL ‘ADHRĀ’ JĀKARTĀ BY NAJĪB AL-KYLĀNĪ: A Feminist Literary Criticism Perspective

Yulia Nasrul Latifi

Abstract


This article reviews the novel 'Adhrā' Jākartā (Jakartanese Girl) by Najīb al-Kylānī. Through the approach of feminist literary criticism and the hermeneutic `method it’s aimed to express the autonomy of Indonesian Islamic women within the novel by interpreting the structure of symbols or texts in a number of language signs in the literary system. The results of the analysis revealed that the character of Fāṭimah is a symbol which represents the concept of autonomy of Indonesian Islamic women in the public and domestic sphere due to the universal and cosmopolitan Islamic values that Fāṭimah implements in personal, social, national, and civil life. This universal and cosmopolitan Islam illustrates an Islamic paradigm offered by the author to be translated into a unity in diversity of Indonesian context, so as to be able to present the figure of an autonomous Indonesian Muslim woman in a pluralistic and elastic Indonesian context.


Keywords


'Adhrā' Jākartā; Indonesian Islamic women; feminist literary criticism; hermeneutics; communism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, Leila. Women and Gender in Islam Historical Roots of a Modern Debate. Yale University Press New Haven & London, 1992.

Allen, Roger. The Arabic Novel an Historical and Critical Introduction. University of Manchester, 1982.

Anderson, Pamela Sue. A Feminist Philosophy of Religion The Rationality and Myths of Religious Belief. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998.

Ansor Muhammad and Yaser Amri, "Being Christians In The Acehnese Way: Illiberal Citizenship and Womens Agency in the Islamic Public Sphere," Journal of Indonesian Islam 14, 1 (2020): 77-112

Arimbi, Dian Ariani. Reading Contemporary Indonesian Muslim Women Writers. Representation, Identity and Religion of Muslim Women in Indonesian Fiction. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2009.

Arivia, Gadis. Feminisme: Sebuah Kata Hati. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas, 2006.

Al-Arīnī, Abdullah Bin Sālih. al-Ittijāh al-Islāmī fī A’māl Najīb al-Kylānī alQasasiyah. Riyādh: al-Lajnah al-Ummah li al Mahrajan, n.d.

Audah, Ali. “Sastra Arab Mutakhir” Jurnal Ulumul Qur’an 7, 2 (1996).

Badawi, et. al. (ed). Studies in Arabic Literature Supplements to thr Journal of Arabic Literature. Leiden: E.J.Brill, 1976.

Blackburn. “Women and Citisenship in Indonesia”. Australian Journal of Political Science 34, 2 (1999).

Brooks, Ann. Posfeminisme & Cultural Studies. Transl. by Kunto Adi Wibowo. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra, 2011.

Cooke, Miriam. Women Claim Islam Creating Islamic Feminism through Literature. London: Routledge, 2001.

Cribb, Robert. “How many deaths? Problems in the statistics of massacre in Indonesia (1965-1966) and East Timor (1875-1980)”. Ingrid Wessel and Georgia Wimhofer (eds). Violence in Indonesia. Hamburg: Abera, 2001.

Culler, Jonathan. On Deconstruction Theory and Criticism After Structuralism. London: Routledge, 1994.

Dardiri, Taufiq Ahmad. “Bentuk Kesejajaran Antara Realitas Adhra Jakarta dan Realitas Sejarah Indonesia”. Adabiyyat, 8, 2 (2009).

al-Dadīsy, al Kabīr. Azmah al Jins fī al Riwāyah al ‘Arabiyyah Bi Nūn al Niswah. Bayrūt: Muassasah al rihāb al hadīts, 2017.

Djayanegara, Soenardjati. Kritik Sastra Feminis Sebuah Pengantar. Jakarta: Gramedia, 2000.

Djokosujatno, Apsanti (ed.). Wanita dalam Kesusastraan Prancis. Magelang: IndonesiaTera, 2003.

Eagleton, Mary (ed.). Feminist Literary Criticism. London and New York: Longman, 1991.

El-Miniawi, Nayera Ahmad. ‘The Voice of a Woman : A Life Journey. An Islamic Feminist Reading of The Book of Fate’. Journal of Educational and Social Research 11, 1 (2021).

Faruk. Metode Penelitian Sastra Sebuah Penjelajahan Awal. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2012.

Hardiman, F. Budi. Seni Memahami Hermeneutik dari Schleiermacher Sampai Derrida. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2015.

Hassan, Riffat and Fatima Mernissi. Setara di Hadapan Allah Relasi Laki-laki dan Perempuan dalam Tradisi Islam Pasca Patriarkhi. Yogyakarta: LSPPA Yayasan Prakarsa, 1995.

Hellwig, Tineke. The Shadow of Change: Images of Women in Indonesian Literature. Berkeley: University of California, 1994.

Hume, Maggie. “Teori Sastra Feminis”. Stevi Jackson and Jackie Jones (eds). Pengantar Teori-teori Feminis Kontemporer. Transl. by Jalasutra’s Translater Team. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra, 2009.

Hume, Maggie. Feminist Criticism Women as Contemporary Critics. Harvester Press, 1986.

Ismail, Nurjannah. Perempuan dalam Pasungan Bias laki-laki dalam Penafsiran. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2003.

Issaka Fulera-Toure. ‘Claiming Autonomy through Agency in a Patriarchal Structure; the Experiences of Muslim Women in Marital Relationships in Ghana’. Journal of Women of the Middle East and the Islamic World 14 (2016).

Ja’far, Muhamad Anis Qasim. Perempuan & Kekuasaan Menelusuri Hak Politik dan Persoalan Gender dalam Islam. Bandung: Zaman Wacana Mulia, 1998.

Jill LeBihan. “Feminism and literature”. Sarah Gamble (ed.). The Routledge Companion to Feminism and Postfeminism. London and New York: Routledge, 2001.

Khan, Mazharul Haq. Wanita Islam Korban patologi Sosial. Bandung: Pustaka, 1994.

Al-Kylānī, Najīb. ‘Adhrā’ Jākartā. al Qāhirah: Dār al Sahwah, 2013.

----------. Madkhal ilā al Adab al Islāmī. Bayrūt: Dār Ibn Hazm, 1992.

----------. al-Nidā’ al Khālid. Kuwayt: Dār al Bayān, 1969.

Latifi, Yulia Nasrul. “Kritik Sastra Feminis Sebuah Pengenalan Awal”. Khairan et. al (eds). Agama, Sastra & Budaya dalam Evolusi. Yogyakarta: Adab Press, 2003.

Luxemburg, Jan Van, Mieke Bal, Willem G. Weststeijn. Pengantar Ilmu Sastra. Transl. by Dick Hartoko. Jakarta: Gramedia, 1989.

Mādhi, Syukrī Azīz. Fī Nadhariyyah al Adab. Bayrūt: Dār al Farīs li al tauzī’ wa al Nasyr, 2005.

Marching, Soe Tjen. Kisah Di Balik Pintu Identitas Perempuan Indonesia: Antara yang Publik dan Privat. Yogyakarta: Ombak, 2011.

Marcotte, Roxanne D. “Muslim Women in Canada: Autonomy and Empowerment”. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 30, 3 (2010)

Mathar, Moch. Qasim. Sejarah, Teologi dan Etika Agama-agama. Yogyakarta: Dian/Interfidei, 2005

Mernissi, Fatima. Wanita di Dalam Islam. Translt. by. Yaziar Radianti. Bandung: Pustaka, 1994.

Milallos, Ma. Theresa R. “Muslim veil as politics: political autonomy, women and Syariah Islam in Aceh”. Cont Islam (2007) DOI 10.1007/s11562-007-0028-5.

Mir-Hosseini, Ziba. “The Challenges of Islamic Feminism”. Gender a výzkum / Gender and Research 20, 2 (2019), http://dx.doi.org/-10.13060/25706578.2019.20.2.486.

Moi, Toril. Sexual/Texual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory. London and New York: Methuen, 1985.

Muhibbudin, Mahmudat o. ‘Feminism and Modern Islamic Politics: The Fact and the Fallacy’. Journal of Women of the Middle East and the Islamic World 17 (2019) https://doi.org/10.24035/ijit.15.-2019.005.

Muhsin, Amina Wadud. Wanita di Dalam al-Qur’an. Bandung: Pustaka, 1994.

Mukarovsky, Jan. Structure, Sign, and Function. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1978.

Mutaqin, Zezen Zaenal Mutaqin. “Culture, Islamic feminism, and the quest for legal reform in Indonesia”. Asian Journal of Women's Studies 24, 4 (2018) DOI:10.1080/12259276.2018.1524549.

Nuriyah, Sinta Abdurahman Wahid. Perempuan & Pluralisme. Edited by Lies Marcoes et. al. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2019.

Ningtyas, Nur Retno, “Al Niswiyyah fi al Riwayah ‘Adhra’ Jakarta Li Najib al-Kylani. Unpublished undergraduate thesis, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2017. http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/180079/

Rahbari, Ladan. “Women’s Ijtihad and Lady Amin’s Islamic Ethics on Womanhood and Motherhood”. Religions 11, 88 (2020).

Said, Nur. Perempuan dalam Himpitan Teologi dan HAM di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pilar Media, 2005.

Sarup, Madan, An Introductory Guide to Post-Structuralism and Postmodenism. USA: University of Georgia Press, 1993.

Nawal al-Sadawi. Zinah. Bayrut: Dar al-Saqi, 2010

----------. al Wajh al’Āry li al-Mar’ah al ‘Arabiyyah. Alexandria: Muntada Maktabah al-Iskandariyyah. n.d..

----------. and Hibah Ra’ūf Izzat. Al-Mar’ah wa al-Dīn, wa al Akhlāq. Damascus: Dār al-Fikr, 2000.

----------. The Hidden Face of Eve: Women in the Arab World. n.p.: Zed Books, 1980.

Sen, Krishna and David Hill. Media, Culture and Politics in Indonesia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Showalter, Elaine (ed.). The New Feminist Criticism, Essays on Women, Literature, and Theory. New York: Pantheon, 1985.

Sulaiman, S., Quayum, M.A. and Abdul Manaf, N.F. “Negotiating Muslim women’s rights and identity in American diaspora space: An Islamic feminist study of Kahf’s The Girl in the Tangerine Scarf”. KEMANUSIAAN the Asian Journal of Humanities 25, 1 (2018).

Suryakusuma, Julia. Julia’s Jihad Tales of the Politically, Sexually and Religiously Incorrect: Living in the Chaos of the Biggest Muslim Democracy. Jakarta: Jakarta Post-Komunitas Bambu, 2013.

Tamīmī, Amal. al-Sīrah al-Żātiyyah al-Nisāiyyah fī al-Adab al-‘Arabi al Mu’āṣir. Riyadh: Markaz al-Ṡaqāfī al ‘Arab, 2005.

Teeuw, A. Khazanah Sastra Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1993.

Umar, Nazaruddin. Argumen Kesetaraan Jender Perspektif Alqur’an. Jakarta: Dian Rakyat and Paramadina, 2009.

Wieringa, Saski E. Rethingking Gender Planning: A Critical Discussion of the Use of the C oncept of Gender. The Hague, Netherlands: Institute of Social Studies, 1998.

Zayd, Nasr Hamid Abu. Dekonstruksi Gender Kritik Wacana Perempuan dalam Islam. Transl. by Moch. Nur Ichwan. Yogyakarta: SAMHA, PSW, and McGill, 2003.

Zeidan, Joseph T. Arab Women Novelist The Formative Years and Beyond. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2021.15.1.103-128

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

Creative Commons License

View My Stats

Journal of Indonesian Islam (ISSN 1978-6301 and E-ISSN 2355-6994) is published by the Postgraduate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Journal of Indonesian Islam by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright 2020 State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya. Powered by Public Knowledge Project OJS.