Akh. Muzakki


This paper examines Islamic radicalism particularly in Indonesia in terms of its roots and strategies of action. While focusing on the Jama’ah Islamiyah (JI, lit. “Islamic Community”) as the larger subject of discussion, it takes Ar Rahmah Media Network with its print publication of Jihad Magazine (Jihadmagz) in particular as the case of study. The paper argues that the emergence of Islamic radicalism is mainly triggered by the combination of the ruling regime’s political repression, crucial socio-economic deprivation, globalisation, and Arabia support. Also, it further argues that there is a shift of strategies among activists of radical Muslims in delivering their messages as well as in conducting their radical actions.


Radicalism; Islamic radicalism; Jihad; Jama’ah Islamiyah

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Books and Articles

AusAID. Counter-Terrorism and Australian Aid. Canberra: AusAID/Australian Government, 2003.

Barton, Greg. “Islamism and Indonesia: Islam and the Contest for Power after Soeharto.” The Review (September 2002), p. 2.

Bruinessen, Martin van. “Genealogies of Islamic Radicalism in Post-Soeharto Indonesia.” South East Asia Research, no. 2, vol. 10 (July 2002): 117-154.

Hefner, Robert W. “Globalisation, Governance, and the Crisis of Indonesian Islam.” Unpublished paper presented to the Conference on Globalisation, State Capacity, and Muslim Self Determination, Center for Global, International, and Regional Studies, University of California-Santa Cruz, 7-9 March 2002.

Huang, Reyko. “Al Qaeda in Southeast Asia: Evidence and Response.” Terrorism Project, 8 February 2002.

Institut Studi Arus Informasi (ISAI). “Liputan Media Tentang Bali: Mana Jurnalisme Mana Propaganda?.” Seminar Proceeding by ISAI and Majalah Pantau, Jakarta, 7-8 November 2002.

International Crisis Group, Indonesia: Jemaah Islamiyah’s Publishing Industry, Asia Report No.147/28 February 2008. Jakarta & Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2008.

----------. Indonesia: Violance and Radical Muslims. Jakarta/Brussels: International Crisis Group, 10 October 2002.

Jones, Sidney. Al-Qaeda in Southeast Asia: The Case of the “Ngruki Network” in Indonesia. Jakarta/Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2002.

Muhammad Ayub. Understanding Islamic Finance. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2007.

Ramakrishna, Kumar. “Jemaah Islamiah: Aims, Motivations and Possible Counter-Strategies.” Perspective (October 2002).

Zada, Khamami. Islam Radikal: Pergulatan Ormas-ormas Islam Garis Keras di Indonesia (Jakarta: Teraju, 2002).


“Confession of an al-Qaeda Terrorist.” Time Magazine, 23 September 2002.

“Jamaah Islamiyah yang Cuma Bualan.” Forum Keadilan, No. 3 (10 November 2002), p. 16.

“Sidney Jones: Hambali Adalah Petinggi Al-Qaidah.” Tempo (3 November 2002), pp. 52-54.

Azra, Azyumardi “Agama dan Otentisitas Islam.” Republika, 25 October 2002.

Zada, Khamami. “Terorisme dan Radikalisme Agama.” Media Indonesia, 18 Oktober 2002.

“Diakah Sang Imam?.” Tempo 3 November 2002, p. 25.

“Jejak Ba’asyir di Sungai Manggis.” Tempo (3 November 2002): pp. 28-30.

“Stemple JI dari Singapura.” Tempo, (10 November 2002), p. 37.

Internet Sources

“Bali Bombings: Mastermind with Local Links.” The Malay Mail (19 November 2002), available at: [ Current_News/MM/Monday/Frontpage/20021118094632] (Cited 19/11/02).

“Jemaah Islamiyah Dibentuk oleh Militer Indonesia?.” 13 August 2002, available at: [] (Cited in 06/11/02).

“Peneliti LIPI: JI Organisasi Maya Buatan Malaysia dan Singapura.” Detikcom, available at: [] (Cited in 06/11/02).

Fealy, Greg. “Inside the Laskar Jihad: An Interview with the Leader of a New, Radical and Militant Sect.” Inside Indonesia (January-March 2001), available at: http://www. edit65/fealy.htm (Cited in 15/04/02).

Greg Fealy, “Is Indonesia a terrorist base?.” Inside Indonesia (July-September 2002), available at: edit71/fealy1.htm (Cited 19 November 2002).

Hasan, Noorhaidi. “Islamic Radicalism and the Crisis of the Nation-State.” Available at: http// regional/1.html (Cited 14/11/02).

Marshall, Paul. “Terror’s Not New to Indonesia.” Center for Religious Freedom, Freedom House (15 October 2002). Available at: [’s%20Not%20New%to%20Indonesia.htm (Cited 14/11/02).

Interviews and Correspondences

Correspondence with Ade Armando, the editor-in-chief of Madina, 15 July 2008.

Interview with Jibriel, Bintaro, Tangerang, Banten, 25 April 2008.

Interview with Jibriel, Istora Senayan, Jakarta, 04 March 2008.

DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2014.8.1.1-22


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Journal of Indonesian Islam (ISSN 1978-6301 and E-ISSN 2355-6994) is published by the Postgraduate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

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