THE FALLACIES OF HARUN NASUTION’S THOUGHT OF THEOLOGY

Eka Putra Wirman

Abstract


As one of the central figures in Islamic studies in Indonesia, Harun Nasution has made a great impact of influence. His model of theology has become a trend-setter and a blue-print in Islamic studies in this country for decades since the 1970’s. As a loyal admirer and follower of the Mu'tazilah, Harun Nasution gave rise to the idea that Muhammad Abduh was a prominent Islamic reformer who agrees with Mu'tazilah doctrine and is even more liberal than the Mu'tazilah. To support his idea, Harun Nasution put forward Hashiyah 'ala al-Sharh al-‘Aqa’id Dawwani li al-Adhudhiyyah by Muhammad Abduh which is the main reference for his famous book Muhammad Abduh dan Teologi Rasional Mu'tazilah. Harun Nasution’s thought needs to be analyzed and reviewed methodologically, in order to make the theological thought always passionate and spared the stagnation and status quo. This study uses the main work of Harun Nasution Muhammad Abduh dan Teologi Rasional Mu’tazilah as its main source in addition to the book Al-Syaykh Muhammad ‘Abduh bayna Al-Kalamiyyin wa Al-Falasifah by Sulayman Dunya. Nasution’s concepts are analyzed through content analysis which consists of data collection, classification, reduction, analysis, and conclusion.

Keywords


Theology; Harun Nasution; Muhammad Abduh; Mu’tazilah

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abduh, Muhammad. Risalat al-Tauhid. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-‘Ulum, 1986.

Al-Baghdadi, Abdul Qahir ibn Thahir ibn Muhammad. al-Farq bayn al-Firaq. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiah, n.d.

Amin, Ahmad. Zu’ama> al-Is}la>h fi> al-Ashr al-H{adi>th. Cairo: Maktabah al-Nahdhah al-Misriah, 1965.

Dunya, Sulayman. al-Syaykh Muh}ammad ‘Abduh bayn al-Fala>sifah wa al-Kala>miyyi>n. Cairo: Dar Ihya’ al-Kutub al-Arabiah, n.d.

Emarah, Muhammad. al-A’ma>l al-Ka>milah li Jama>l Al-Di>n al-Afgha>ni. Beirut: n.p., 1979.

----------. Rasa>’il al-‘Adl wa al-Tawhi>d. Beirut: Dar al-Syuruq, 2nd edition, 1988.

Fakhri, Majid. A History of Islamic Philosophy, translated by R. Mulyadhi Kertanegara. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 1987.

Gharbal, Syafiq. al-Mawsu>'ah al-'Arabiyah al-Muyassarah. Cairo: n.p., 1965.

http://www.cis-ca.org/voices/a/afghni.htm

Nasution, Harun. Falsafat Agama. Jakarta: Penerbit Bulan Bintang, 1975.

----------. Muhammad Abduh dan Teologi Rasional Mu’tazilah. UI-Press, 1987.

Panitia Penerbitan Buku dan Seminar 70 Tahun Harun Nasution. Refleksi Pembaharuan Pemikiran Islam: 70 tahun Harun Nasution. Jakarta: Panitia Penerbitan Buku dan Seminar 70 Tahun Harun Nasution - Lembaga Studi Agama dan Filsafat, 1989.

Wirman, Eka Putra. Kesaksian Hasyiah terhadap Teologi Muhammad Abduh. Puslit IAIN Imam Bonjol, Padang, 2011.

Zainal, Muhammad, Teologi Muhammad Abduh: Studi terhadap Risalah Tauhid dan Hasyiah ‘ala Syarh al-Dawwani li al-‘aqaid al-Adhudhiyyah, unpublished MA Thesis, postgraduate program of IAIN Imam Bonjol Padang, 2007.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.2.246-267

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats