MANAGING ISLAMIC PUBLIC SPACE: Responses of Sumantran Malay Muslims toward “Neo-anti Bid’ah Movement”

Suaidi Asyari

Abstract


It has been argued by scholars that Indonesia can be a model of religious tolerance to the Muslim world. However, while a dramatic increase of intolerant acts against minorities in 2009-2012 across the country have challenged this argument, how the majority, to some extent, have also suffered due to similar actions by those who are not really representing the majority and how they respond to it has been almost completely ignored by all for a very long time. Cases in which Sumatran ‘traditionalist’ Malay Muslims have to abandon their own mosques in order to avoid disharmony potentials among themselves are significant examples. In this paper I present a valuable harmonious life in Jambi Malay Muslim community despite so many actions that can lead to conflicts. However, I also consider and contextualize the long-run implications of these responses, particularly regarding Muslim’s contens­tation of Islamic public space and the problem of maintenance of a healthy democratic society.

Keywords


Democratic-society; Malay-Muslim; religious-conflicts; anti-bid’ah; public-space

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbink, Jon. "Religion in public spaces: Emerging Muslim–Christian polemics in Ethiopia." African Affairs 110, no. 439 (2011): 253-274.

Administrator. Daftar-ustadzustadz-penyebar-wahabi-di-indonesia. March 24, 2011. http://www.ummulqura.sch.id/ (accessed 10 02, 2012).

Al-Alwani, Taha J. "Ijtihad and Taqlid." The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 8 (1991): 129-142.

Albarghouthi, Ali. "Authority and representation in North America: the ijtihad criteria and the construction of new religious authority ." Journal of Islamic Law and Culture 13 (2011): 18-33.

Al-Bouti, S. R. Salafiyya, a blessed phase in time, not an Islamic doctrine. Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, 1988.

Asyari, Suaidi. Traditionalist v.s. Modernist Islam in Indonesian Politics: Muhammadiyah & Nahdlatul Ulama in the Contemporary Indonesian Democratic and Political Landscape. Gernamny: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, 2010.

Barnard, Timothy P. Contesting Malayness: Malay identity across boundaries. Siangpore: Singapore University Press, National University of Singapore, 2004.

Bhagwati, Jagdish. "Religion in Public Space." Financial Times, 2004.

Bowen, John R. Why the French Don't Like Headscarves: Islam, the State, and Public Space. Princeton: University Press, 2006.

Bowen, John R. "Beyond Migration: Islam as a Transnational Public Space." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 30 (2004): 879-894.

Chaudhri, Rashid Ahmad. Mosque: Its Importance in the Life of a Muslim. London: The London Mosque, 1982.

Clive, Barnett and Murray Low. 2004. Spaces of democracy: geographical perspectives on citizenship, participation and representation. London: Sage, 2004.

Dankowitz, Aluma. "Accusing Muslim Intellectuals of Apostasy." The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI), 2005: 1-6.

el-Fadl, Khaleed Abou. The Great theft, wrestling Islam from the extremist. San Fransisco: Harper Collin Publishers, 2005.

Endang Turmudi and Riza Sihbudi. Islam dan Radikalisme di Indonesia, Jakarta: LIPI Press. Jakarta: LIPI Press, 2005.

Frase, Nancy. "Rethinking the public sphere: a contribution to the critique of actually exisiting democracy." In Habermas and the Public Sphere, by C. Calhoun, 109-142. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.

Fraser, Nancy. "Rethinking the public sphere: a contribution to the critique of actually existing democracy." Social Text, 1990: 56-80.

Gail Lee Bernstein, Andrew Gordon, and Kate Wildman Nakai. Public spheres, private lives in modern Japan, 1600-1950 : essays in honor of Albert M. Craig. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Asia Center, 2005.

Gordon, Alijah. The Propagation of Islam in the Indonesian-Malay Archipelago. Kuala Lumput: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, 2001.

Habermas, Jürgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Cambridge, England: Polity Press, 1989.

Haris, Ahmad. Islam Inovatif, Eksposisi Bid’ah dalam Teori & Praktek. Jambi: Sulthan Thaha Press, 2007.

Hasan, Aznan. "An Introduction to Collective Ijtihad (Ijtihad Jama‘i): Concept and Applications." The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 20 (2003): 26-46.

Hasan, Noorhaidi. "Transnational Islam in Indonesia." In Transnational Islam in South and Southeast Asia: Movements, Networks, and Conflict Dynamics, by NBA Project Report, 121-140. NBA Project Report, 2009.

Hirschman, Albert O. Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Hoexter, Miriam. The Public Sphere in Muslim Societies . New York: State University of New York Press , 2002.

Hussin, Mutalib. Islam and ethnicity in Malay politics. Singapore & New York : Oxford University Press, 1990.

Hyung-Jun, Kim. Reformist muslims in Yagyakarta Village : the Islamic transformation of contemporary socio-religious life. Canberra: ANU E Press, 2007.

Idarham, Syaikh. Sejarah Berdarah sekte Salafi Wahabi. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2011.

Jamhari and Jajang Jahroni. Gerakan salafi radikal di Indonesia. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 2004.

John von Neumann & Oskar Morgenstren. Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953.

Joly, D. Britannia’s Crescent. Aldershot: Avebury, 1995.

Jurgen Habermas, Sara Lennox and Frack Lennox. "The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article." New German Critique, 1974: 49-55.

Kahera, Akel Ismail. Deconstructing the American mosque : space, gender, and aesthetics . Austin: University of Tewxas Press, 2002.

Lauzi`ere, Henri. "The construction of salafiyya: reconsidering salafism from the perspective of conceptual history." International Journal of Middle East Stud, 2010: 369–389.

Lauzi`ere, Henri. "The Construction of Salafiyya: Reconsidering Salafism from the Perspective of Conceptual History." International Journal of Middle East Studies 42 (2010): 369–389.

Madanipour, Ali. Public and private spaces of the city. London: Routledge, 2003.

Marcel Hénaf and Tracy Strong. Public space and democracy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.

McLoughlin, S. "‘The mosque-centre, community-mosque: multi-functions, funding and the reconstruction of Islam in Bradford." Scottish Journal of Religious Studies 19, no. 2 (1998): 211-227.

McLoughlin, Sea´n. "Mosques and the Public Space: Conflict and Cooperation in Bradford." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 31 (2005): 1045-1066.

Metcalf, B.D. Making Muslim Space in North America and Europe. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1996.

Milner, Anthony. The Malays. United Kingdom: Wiley- Blackwell, 2008.

Mujahid, Abu. Sejarah Salafi di Indonesia. Bandung: Toobagus Publishing, 2012.

Nagata, Judith A. "What is the Malay?: Situational Selection of Ethnic Identity in a Plural Society." American Ethnologist 1, no. 2 (1974): 331-350.

Nagel, Thomas. 1995. "'Personal rights and public space." Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (1995): 83-107.

Nasution, Harun. Pembaharuan dalam Islam: Sejarah Pemikiran dan Gerakan. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1975.

Pastorelli., Silvio Ferrari and Sabrina. Religion in public spaces : a European perspective. England: Ashgate Pub, 2012.

Peacock, James L. Purifying the Faith: The Muhammadiyah Movement in Indonesian Islam. California: The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, 1978.

Rabbat, Nasser. "The Arab Revolution Takes Back the Public Space." Critical Inquiry 39, no. 1 (Autumn 2012): 198-208.

Rahmat, Imadudin M. Ideologi Politik PKS, dari Masjid Kampus ke Gedung Parlemen. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2008.

Rahmat, M. Imdadun. Ideologi Politik PKS, dari Masjid Kampus ke Gedung Parlemen. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2008.

Ramadan, Tariq. Title is Radical Reform, Radical Ijtihad. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Ramage, Douglas E. Politics in Indonesia: Democracy, Islam and the Ideology of Tolerance. New York: Routledge, 1995.

—. Politics in Indonesia: Democracy, Islam and the Ideology of Tolerance. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Rasdi, Mohamad Tajuddin Haji Mohamad. The mosque as a community development centre : programme and architectural design guidelines for contemporary Muslim societies. Skudai, Johor Darul Ta'zim: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 1998.

Rashid, Ahmed. Taliban, Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Rasmussen, David. "Mutual recognition: No justification without legitimation." Philosophy Social Criticism 38 (2012): 893-899.

Reetz, Dietrich. Islam in the Public Sphere. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Reynolds, Andrew. The architecture of democracy: constitutional design, conflict management and democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press., 2002.

Riddell, Peter G. Islam and the Malay-Indonesian world : transmission and responses. Honalulu HI: University of Hawaii Press, 2001.

Rozario, Santi. "Islamic piety against the family: from ‘traditional’ to ‘pure’ Islam." Contemporary Islam 5: (2011): 285–308.

Saat, Norshahril. "Islamising Malayness: Ulama discourse and authority in contemporary Malaysia." Contemporary Islam, 2012: 136-153.

Saat, Norshahril. "Islamising Malayness: Ulama discourse and authority in contemporary Malaysia." Contemporary Islam, no. 6 (2012): 135-153.

Sani, Mohd Azizuddin Mohd. The public sphere and media politics in Malaysiai Newcastle upon Tyne. Cambridge Scholars, 2009.

Sanin, Francisco Gutierres. "Fragile Democracy and Schizophrenic Liberalism: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty in the Andes." International Political Science Review 26, no. 1 (2005): 125-139.

Schwartz, Stephen. The Two Faces of Islam: The House of Sa'ud from Tradition to Terror. New York: Doubleday, 2002.

Turner, Bryan S. "Managing religions: state responses to religious diversity." Contemporary Islam 1 (2007): 123-137.

Yates, Melissa. "Rawls and Habermas on religion in the public sphere."Philosophy & Social Criticism, 33 (2007): 880–891.

Young, Iris Marion. Inclusion and democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Pres, 2000.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.2.217-245

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats