THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF KNOWLEDGE: Shari`ah and Saudi Scholarship in Indonesia
This article investigates how the Saudi regime uses sponsorship to support its educational system in Indonesia. The article focuses its analysis on LIPIA (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Islam dan Arab, Institute for the Knowledge of Islam and Arab). LIPIA is an Islamic institution consistent using traditional Islamic scholarship especially those of the Hanbalite schools of thought. This is reflected in the entire curriculum the LIPIA has for its students. The writer argues that the relationship between the sponsor, i.e. the Saudi state, and the sponsorship beneficiaries, i.e. students, is patron-client. Nevertheless, it involves a wide range of actors thereby allowing the diversity of knowledge reproduction. Over the last three decades, it has made a big investment on the field of education by building Islamic schools and institutes, distributing scholarship for Indonesian students, and channeling aid for Muslim organizations. It is becoming obvious that Saudi uses education as a political strategy to maintain its influences over Indonesia.
Abouhaseira, Maher. “Education, Political Development and Stability in Saudi Arabia.” Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1998.
Al-Hariri, Rafeda. “Islam’s Point of View on Women’s Education in Saudi Arabia.” in Comparative Education, Vol. 23, No. 1 (1987): pp. 51-57.
Al-Hefdhy, Yahya S. “The Role of the Ulama (Islamic Scholars) in Establishing an Islamic Identity for Women in Saudi Arabia.” Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, The Florida State University, 1994.
Al-Rasheed, Madawi. Contesting the Saudi Sate: Islamic Voices from a New Generation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Al-Sugair, Khalid Ali. “The Foreign Aid Program of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1973-1990.” Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation. The George Washington University, 1993.
Al-Yassini, Ayman. “The Relationship between Religion and State in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.” Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, University of McGill, 1982.
An-Na’im, Abdullahi Ahmed. Islam and the Secular State: Negotiating the Future of Shari’a. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Atar, Muhammad. “Quest for Identity: The Role of Textbook in Forming Saudi Arabia Identity.” Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, University of Oregon, 1988.
Azra, Azyumardi. The Origin of Islamic Reformism in Southeast Asia: Network of Malay-Indonesia and Middle East Ulama in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Honolulu: Allen and Unwin in cooperation with University of Hawai’i Press, 2004.
Baroni, Samiah Elizabeth. “Color Me Green: Saudi Arabian Identity and the Manifestation of Power.” Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2007.
Basri. “Indonesian Ulama in the Haramayn and the Transmission of Reformist Islam in Indonesia (1800-1900).” Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, University of Arkansas, 2008.
Berkey, Jonathan. The Transmission of Knowledge in Medieval Cairo: A Social History of Islamic Education. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Bowen, John R. Muslim through Discourses: Religion and Ritual in Gayo Society. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Brown, L. Carl. Religion and Politics: The Muslim Approach to Politics. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.
Chamberlain, Michael. Knowledge and Social Practices in Medieval Damascus, 1190-1350. Cambridge: Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization, Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Eickelman, Dale F. Knowledge and Power in Morocco, The Education of Twentieth Century Notable, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Gail Minault. Secluded Scholars: Women’s education and Muslim Social Reform in Colonial India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Geertz, Clifford. Islam Observed: Religious Developments in Morocco and Indonesia. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1971.
Gilsenan, Michael. Recognizing Islam, Religion and Society in the Modern Middle East. London and Canberra: Croom Helm, 2000.
Hefner, Robert W. (ed.). Making Modern Muslim: The Politics of Islamic Education in Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 2009.
----------. Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratizations in Indonesia. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Hirschkind, Charles. The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006.
Hurgronje, C. Snouck. Mekka in the Latter Part of the 19th Century. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2007.
Jahroni, Jajang. Defending the Majesty of Islam: Indonesia’s Front Pembela Islam (FPI) 1998-2003. Bangkok: Silkworm Publishing House, 2008.
Jurdi, Syarifuddin. Sejarah Wahdah Islamiyah: Sebuah Geliat Ormas Islam di Era Transisi (The History of Wahdah Islamiyah: the Dynamism of Islamic Organization in the Transition Era). Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana, 2007.
Laffan, Michael Francis. Islamic Nationhood and Colonial Indonesia, The Umma below the Wind. London and New York: Routledge Curzon, 2003.
Louis, Brenner. Controlling Knowledge: Religion, Power and Schooling in a West African Muslim Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.
Makdisi, George. The Rise of Colleges: Institutions of Learning in Islam and the West. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1981
Mas’ud, Abdurrahman. “The Pesantren Architects and Their Socio-Religious Teachings.” Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation UCLA, 1997.
Menashri, David. Education and the Making of Modern Iran. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1992.
Metcalf, Barbara Daly. Islamic Revival in British India: Deoband, 1860-1900. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.
Mujiburrahman. Fealing Threatened: Muslim-Christian Relation in Indonesia’s New Order. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2006.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Islam Life and Thought. London: Routledge, 2007.
Noor, Farish A, Yogindar Sikand, Martin Van Bruinessen (eds). Madrasa in Asia: Political Activism and Transnational Linkages. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2008.
Okruhlik, Gwenn. “Making Conversation Permissible: Islamism and Reform in Saudi Arabia.” in Quintan Wiktorowicz. Islamic Activism, A Social Movement Theory Approach. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2004.
----------. “Empowering Civility through Nationalism: Reformist Islam and Belonging in Saudi Arabia,” in Robert W. Hefner (ed.). Remaking Muslim Politics: Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005.
Rahman, Fazlur. Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.
Ringer, Monica. Education, Religion and the Discourse of Cultural Reform in Qajar Iran. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2001.
Sikand, Yoginder. Bastions of the Believers: Madrasas and Islamic Education in India. New Delhi: Penguin, 2005.
Smith-Hefner, Nancy. “Javanese Women and the Veil of Post Suharto Indonesia.” Journal of Asian Studies, vol. 66, Issue 2 (2007).
Tibawi, A. L. “Origin and Characteristics of ‘al-madrassah.’” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 25, no. 1–3 (1962): pp. 225–238.
Vogel, Frank E. Islamic Law and Legal System: Studies of Saudi Arabia. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2000.
Willis, Paul. Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Job. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.
Yamani, May. Cradle of Islam: The Hijaz and the Quest for Arabian Identity. London: I.B. Tauris, 2004.
Zaman, Muhammad Qasim. The Ulama in Contemporary Islam: Custodians of Change. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Zubaida, Sami. Law and Power in the Islamic World. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2003.
- There are currently no refbacks.
View My Stats
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.