SOCIAL EDUCATION THROUGH DIGITAL LITERACY AMONG INDONESIAN FEMALE MUSLIM ACTIVISTS: The Experience of Abdurrahman Wahid’s Daughters

Evi Fatimatur Rusydiyah

Abstract


This article analyses the experience of Indonesian women Muslim activists in conducting social education through digital literacy. It focuses on Twitter as the media of digital literacy they actively employ. Responses to tweets are assessed with Anderson’s taxonomic indicators (namely remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating) in order to know the cognitive level of society under the framework of social education. With regards to the notion of the Indonesian women Muslim activists, this article refers to four daughters of the late Abdurrahman Wahid, Alissa Qotrunnada, Zannuba Ariffah Chafsoh, Anita Hayatunnufus, and Inayah Wulandari, being known as social activists on religions, multiculturalism, equality, democracy, and human rights, particularly through their tweets. This paper argues that women Muslim activists play a key role in making use of digital media for leading the Indonesian Muslim community to become a critical society. Through the enhancement of the society’s cognitive level, it further argues, those women Muslim activists have skillfully developed digital literacy-based social education for people’s socio-political criticism.

Keywords


Digital literacy; muslim society; social education; social media; muslim female figures

Full Text:

PDF

References


"Digital 2019: Global Digital Overview" https://datareportal.com/reports/digital-2019-global-digital-overview (accessed on 3 October 2019)

"Jaringan Gusdurian" http://www.gusdurian.net/id/jaringan-gus-durian/ (accessed on 22 October 2019)

"Number of Twitter Users in Indonesia from 2014 to 2019 (in Millions)." https://www.statista.com/statistics/490548/-twitter-users-indonesia/ (accessed on 3 October 2019)

"Profil Zannuba Ariffah Chafsoh Rahman Wahid" https://m.merdeka.com/zannuba-ariffah-chafsoh-rahman-wahid/profil/ (accessed on 22 October 2019).

"Susunan Lengkap Pengurus LKKNU 2015-2020." https://www.nu.or.id/post/read/62263/susunan-lengkap-pengurus-lkknu-2015-2020 (accessed on 22 October 2019)

"Tweet Kemenangan Obama Jadi Tweet Terpopuler" https://www.liputan6.com/tekno/read/451332/tweet-kemenangan-obama-jadi-tweet-terpopuler (accessed on 12 October 2019).

"VIDEO: Inayah Wahid Jangan Hanya Jadikan Milenial sebagai Objek Semasa Pemilu." https://kabarinews.com/video-inayah-wahid-jangan-hanya-jadikan-milenial-sebagai-objek-semasa-pemilu/104375 (accessed on 22 October 2019)

Abdullah, Ahmad Anis and Suhartini. "Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis melalui Pembelajaran Statistika Berbasis Pendidikan Politik di Lingkungan Sekolah." Jurnal Gantang, 2, 1 (2017), pp. 1-9.

Alamsyah, Alamsyah. "Digital Literacy among Sriwijaya University Lecturers." Informasi, 47, 2 (2017), pp. 243-254.

Anderson, Lorin W., David R. Krathwohl, Peter W. Airasian, Kathleen A. Cruikshank, Richard E. Mayer, Paul R. Pintrich, and others. A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: Longman, 2013.

Arifin, Ichwan. Kiai dan Politik; Studi Kasus Perilaku Politik Kiai Dalam Konflik Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa (PKB) Pasca Muktamar II Semarang. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro, 2008.

Barona, Eduardo and Elena Carrió. "The Need of Education in Respect for Animals ( ERA ) as a Subject of the Social Education Degree at the University: An Overview Focused on Spain." Journal of Social Science Education, 15, 3 (2016), pp. 40-46.

Barton, Greg. Biografi Gus Dur; The Authorized Biography of Abdurrahman Wahid. Yogyakarta: LKiS Yogyakarta, 2003.

Bećirović, Senad, Fatima Hodžić and Amna Brdarević-Čeljo. "The Problems of Contemporary Education: Critical Thinking Development in the Milieu of High School Education." European Journal of Contemporary Education, 8, 3 (2019), pp. 469-82.

Belentsov, Sergei I., Valery Okulich-Kazarin, Svetlana V. Dyumina, and Alesya A. Kuznetsova. "The Organization of Social Education in Paul Natorp’s Creativity." European Journal of Contemporary Education, 6, 4 (2017), pp. 656-63.

Buckingham, David. "Defining Digital Literacy: What Do Young People Need to Know about Digital Media?." Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, 4 (2015), pp. 21-34.

Cahyono, Anang Sugeng. "Pengaruh Media Sosial terhadap Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat di Indonesia." Publiciana, 9, 1 (2016), pp. 140-57.

Carley, Kathleen M., Momin Malik, Mike Kowalchuk, Jürgen Pfeffer, and Peter Landwehr. Twitter Usage in Indonesia. Pittsburgh: Institute for Software Research School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University, 2015.

Dewantara, Jagad Aditya, Ilham Fajar Suhendar, Rum Rosyid, and Thomy Sastra Atmaja. "Pancasila as Ideology and Charac-teristics Civic Education in Indonesia." International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies, 1, 5 (2019), pp. 400-405.

Dewi. ‘Perjuangan Inayah Wahid untuk Indonesia yang Lebih Baik, Seperti yang Diimpikan Sang Ayah" https://www.dewimagazine.com/news-art/perjuangan-inayah-wahid-untuk-indonesia-yang-lebih-baik-seperti-yang-diimpikan-sang-ayah (accessed on 22 October 2019)

Doyle, Dennis M. "Thomas Aquinas : Integrating Faith and Reason in the Catholic School." Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 10, 3 (2007), pp. 343-356.

Duisenbayev, Abay K., Mira R. Baltymova, Aktoty T. Akzholova, Gabit B. Bazargaliyev, and Arman Zh Zhumagaziyev. "Study of Problems of Individual’s Social Education." International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11, 15 (2016), pp. 7899–7905.

Farid, Andyka Miftakhul. Implikatur-Implikatur Percakapan dalam Wacana Humor Gus Dur. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret, 2012.

Farisa, Fitria Chusna. "Mafindo: Hoaks Terkait Pemilu 2019 Bertujuan Memupuk Kebencian" https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/-08/20/20301231/mafindo-hoaks-terkait-pemilu-2019-bertujuan-memupuk-kebencian (accessed on 23 October 2019)

Febrianto, Nanda. "Disebut Menteri Muda Jokowi, Ini Respons Inayah Wahid" https://www.tagar.id/disebut-menteri-muda-jokowi-ini-respons-inayah-wahid (accessed on 15 August 2019)

Flavell, John H. "Theory of Mind Development: Retrospect and Prospect." Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 50, 3 (2004), pp. 274-290.

Gilster. Digital Literacy. New York: Wiley, 1997.

Goodfellow, Robin. "Literacy, Literacies, and the Digital in Higher Education." Teaching in Higher Education, 16, 1 (2011), pp. 131-144.

Halim, Devina. "Anita Wahid: Rata-rata 94 Hoaks Per Bulan di Sepanjang Tahun 2018" https://nasional.kompas.com/read/-2019/01/09/21482911/anita-wahid-rata-rata-94-hoaks-per-bulan-di-sepanjang-tahun-2018 (accessed on 23 October 2019)

Haryanto, Agus Tri. "Riset: Ada 175,2 Juta Pengguna Internet di Indonesia" https://inet.detik.com/cyberlife/d-4907674/riset-ada-1752-juta-pengguna-internet-di-indonesia (accessed on 4 March 2020)

Hidayatullah, Ahmad Fathan. "Twitter Sebagai Media Dakwah." Teknoin, 22, 1 (2016), pp. 38-43.

Hoelman, Mickael B., Bona Tua Parlinggoman Parhusip, Sutoro Eko, Sugeng Bahagijo and Hamong Santono. Sustainable Development Goals-SDGs; Panduan untuk Pemerintah Daerah (Kota dan Kabupaten) dan Pemangku Kepentingan Daerah. Jakarta: Infid, 2016.

Isaacs, Geoff. Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Australia: University of Queensland, 1996.

Johnson, Mandy, Christie Bledsoe, Jodi Pilgrim and Hollis Lowery-Moore. "Twitter: A Tool for Communities of Practice." SRATE Journal, 28, 1 (2019), pp. 61-75.

Juditha, Christiany. "Fenomena Trending Topic di Twitter: Analisis Wacana Twit #Savehajilulung." Jurnal Penelitian Komunikasi Dan Pembangunan, 16, 2 (2018), pp. 138-154.

Kantaprawira, Rusadi. Sistem Politik Indonesia, Suatu Mode Pengantar Edisi Revisi. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo, 2004.

Kartono, K. Pendidikan Politik Sebagai Bagian dari Pendidikan Orang Dewasa. Bandung: Mandar Maju, 2009.

Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. "Indonesia Peringkat Lima Pengguna Twitter" https://kominfo.go.id/-content/detail/2366/indonesia-peringkat-lima-pengguna-twitter/0/sorotan_media (accessed on 15 August 2019)

----------. "Kominfo: Pengguna Internet Di Indonesia 63 Juta Orang" https://www.kominfo.go.id/content/detail/3415/kominfo-pengguna-internet-di-indonesia-63-juta-orang/0/berita_satker (accessed on 3 October 2019)

----------. "Pengguna Internet Indonesia Nomor Enam Dunia" https://kominfo.go.id/¬index.php/content/detail/4286/ Pengguna+Internet+Indonesia+Nomor+Enam+Dunia/0/sorotan_media (accessed 23 October 2019)

Kurnia, Novi, and Santi Indra Astuti. "Peta Gerakan Literasi Digital di Indonesia: Studi tentang Pelaku, Ragam Kegiatan, Kelompok Sasaran dan Mitra yang Dilakukan oleh Japelidi." Informasi, Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Komunikasi, 47, 2 (2017), pp. 149-66.

Kurniawati, Nia, Elis Homsini Maolida, and Agung Ginanjar Anjaniputra. "The Praxis of Digital Literacy in the EFL Classroom: Digital-Immigrant vs Digital-Native Teacher." Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8, 1 (2018), pp. 28-37.

Lanham, Richard A. "Digital Literacy." Scientific American, 273, 3 (1995), pp. 198-200.

Lucas, Kyle J. "Chinese Graduate Student Understandings and Struggles with Critical Thinking: A Narrative-Case Study." International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 13, 1 (2019), pp. 1-7.

LW, Anderson, Krathwohl DR, Airasian PW, Cruikshank KA, Richard Mayer, Pintrich PR, and others. A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: a Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: Longman, 2001.

McDougall, Julian, Mark Readman, and Philip Wilkinson. "The Uses of (Digital) Literacy Learning." Media and Technology, 43, 3 (2018), pp. 263-79.

Minwer, Wail, Al Rabadi, and Rifqa Khleif Salem. "The Level of High-Order Thinking and Its Relation to Quality of Life among Students at Ajloun University College." International Education Studies, 11, 6 (2018), pp. 8-21.

Moss, Peter and Pat Petrie. "Education and Social Pedagogy: What Relationship ?." London Review of Education, 17, 3 (2019), pp. 393-405.

Muharir. "Arkeologi Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam; Studi Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam Abdurrahman Wahid." Jurnal Al-Muta’aliyah STAI Darul Kamal NW Kembang Kerang, 1, 1 (2017), pp. 25-52.

Neumann, Richard. "American Democracy in Distress: The Failure of Social Education." Journal of Social Science Education, 16, 1 (2017), pp. 5-16.

Nugroho, Nunung Dwi. Gerakan Gusdurian Sebagai Epistemic Community. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gajah Mada, 2013.

Pamungkas, Reza. "Keluarga Gus Dur Masih Sangat Berpengaruh" https://www.kompasiana.com/pinpol/5b9b6eaa677ffb65cc7d08f6/keluarga-gus-dur-masih-sangat-berpengaruh?page=all (accessed on 4 December 2019)

Papastephanou, Marianna. "Political Education in Times of Political Apathy and Extreme Political Pathos as Global Ways of Life." Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 13 (2019), pp. 81-95.

Phuapan, Piatip, Chantana Viriyavejakul and Paitoon Pimdee. "An Analysis of Digital Literacy Skills among Thai University Seniors." International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 11, 3 (2016), pp. 24-31.

Potter, W. James. "The State of Media Literacy." Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 54, 4 (2010), pp. 675-696.

Prensky, Marc. Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. In On the Horizon Lincoln: NCB University Press, 2001.

R, Jeko. I. "Pengguna Internet Indonesia Kuasai Media Sosial di 2015" https://www.liputan6.com/tekno/read/2164377/pengguna-internet-indonesia-kuasai-media-sosial-di-2015 (accessed on 3 October 2019)

Rizki, Rizal Abdul Aziz Hadi. Peran K.H. Abdurrahman Wahid/Gus Dur Pada Masa Reformasi (1998-2001). Bandung: UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, 2017.

Shariman, Tenku Putri Norishah Tenku, Norizan Abdul Razak, and Nor Fariza Mohd. Noor. "Digital Literacy Competence for Academic Needs: an Analysis of Malaysian Students in Three Universities." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69 (2012), pp. 1489–96.

Sianipar, Charlie M. "Jumlah Pengguna Twitter Indonesia Naik Pesat" https://www.tagar.id/jumlah-pengguna-twitter-indonesia-naik-pesat (accessed on 3 October 2019)

Sivrikaya, Mehmet Haluk. "An Analysis on Digital Literacy Level of Faculty of Sports Science Students." Asian Journal of Education and Training, 6, 2 (2020), pp. 117-21.

Tamburaka, Apriadi. Literasi Media: Cerdas Bermedia Khalayak Media Massa. Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 2013.

Traxler, John. "Digital Literacy: a Palestinian Refugee Perspective." Research in Learning Technology, 26 (2018), pp. 1-21.

Utomo, Budi. "Profil Inayah Wahid yang Digadang Jadi Menteri Jokowi" https://www.tagar.id/profil-inayah-wahid-yang-digadang-jadi-menteri-jokowi (accessed on 22 October 2019)

Wahid, Abdurrahman. Menggerakkan Tradisi: Esai-Esai Pesantren. Yogyakarta: LKiS Yogyakarta, 2001.

----------. Prisma Pemikiran Gus Dur. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 1999.

Wahid Foundation. "Tentang Wahid Foundation" http://wahid-foundation.org/index.php/page/index/About-Us (accessed on 22 October 2019)

Wahid Instutute. "Tentang The WAHID Institute" http://www.-wahidinstitute.org/wi-id/ (accessed on 15 October 2019)

Wenda, Werpen. "Tingkat Kesadaran Politik Pemilih Pemula dalam Pemilihan Umum Bupati dan Wakil Bupati Kabupaten Lanny Jaya Provinsi Papua." Jurnal Politico, 1, 3 (2013).

Widiyanto, Asfa. "Female Religious Authority, Religious Minority and the Ahmadiyya: The Activism of Sinta Nuriyah Wahid." Journal of Indonesian Islam, 9, 1 (2015), pp. 1-24.

Yildiz, Ezgi Pelin. "Opinions of Academicians on Digital Literacy: A Phenomenology Study." Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences (CJES), 15, 3 (2020), pp. 469-478.

Zhang, Lili and Sukwoo Kim. "Critical Thinking Cultivation in Chinese College English Classes." English Language Teaching, 11, 8 (2018), pp. 159-64.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2020.14.1.210-247

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats