ISLAMIC PARTIES AND THE POLITICS OF CONSTITUTIONALISM IN INDONESIA
This article examines the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia by exploring how Islam is used by political parties to shape the politics. The study shows that Islamic politics is a complementary in both nationhood and statehood in Indonesia. From the early days of the new-born nation-state, Muslims in Indonesia had played significant role in shaping the nation; nonetheless, they have never dominated the political power. Fragmentation among Muslims themselves and internal political parties is among the reason why religious (Islamic) parties failed in bringing religious identity to the state arena. Political subordination-inclusion-ignorance-confrontation is the circular game that features Islamic politics in Indonesia. The debatable issue on shari‘ah law, which is frequently used by Islamic parties, always becomes the core problem of the relation between Islam and the state. Even though Islam has played an important role in colouring the Indonesian politics, its existence remains complementary.
Abdulbaki, L. “Democratization in Indonesia: From Transition to Consolidation.” Asian Journal of Political Science, vol. 16, no. 2 (2008): pp. 151-172.
Akbarzadeh, S. and A. Saeed (eds). Islam and Political Legitimacy. London and New York: Routledge Curzon, 2003.
An-Na’im, A. A., Islam and the Secular State: Negotiating the Future of Shari>‘ah. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Azra, A. Islam in the Indonesian World: An Account of Institutional Formation. Jakarta: Mizan, 2006.
----------. Indonesia, Islam, and Democracy: Dynamics in a Global Context. Jakarta: Solstice Publishing, 2006.
Anderson, B. “Religion and Politics in Indonesia since Independence.” Benedict R.OG Anderson et. al. Religion and Social Ethos in Indonesia. Victoria: The Australia-Indonesia Association and the Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University.
----------. Language and Power, Exploring Political Cultures in Indonesia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990.
Baswedan, A. R. “Political Islam in Indonesia, Present and Future Trajectory.” Asian Survey, vol. 44, issue 5 (2004): pp. 669-690.
Doogue, G and P. Kirkwood. Tomorrow’s Islam: Uniting Age-Old Beliefs and a Modern World. Sydney: ABC Books, 2005.
Effendy, B. Islam and the State in Indonesia. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003.
----------. Islam in Contemporary Indonesia Politics. Jakarta: Ushul Press, 2006.
Fealy, G. “Divided Majority: Limits of Indonesian Political Islam.” Akbarzadeh, S. and A. Saeed (eds). Islam and Political Legitimacy. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.
----------. “Indonesia: Pietism and Compromising for Power.” A. Bubalo et. al. (eds). Zealous Democrat: Islamism and Democracy in Egypt, Indonesia and Turkey. Paper 25. New South Wales: Lowy Institute, 2008.
Fox, J. A World Survey of Religion and the State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Geertz, C. The Interpretation of Culture, Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books, 1973.
Hefner, R. W. Civil Islam, Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Ramage, D. E. “Indonesia: Democracy First, Good Governance Later.” Southeast Asian Affairs, 2007.
Romli, L. Islam Yes, Partai Islam Yes. Jakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2006.
Schwarz, Adam. A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s. Colorado: Westview Press, 1994.
Sukma, R. and C. Joewono (eds). Islamic Thought and Movements in Contemporary Indonesia. Jakarta: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), 2007.
Teti, A and A Mura. “Islam and Islamist.” J. Haynes (ed.). Routledge Handbook of Religion and Politics. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.
Woodward, M. “Indonesia’s Religious Political Parties: Democratic Consolidation and Security in Post-New Order Indonesia.” Asian Survey, vol. 4, no. 1 (2008): pp. 41-60.
- There are currently no refbacks.
View My Stats
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.