YOUNG WOMEN WRITERS FROM THE PESANTREN TRADITION: Self-Initiative, Learning Environment, and the Education System

Nor Ismah

Abstract


The emergence of a new generation of women writers from the pesantren tradition is an interesting issue in the landscape of Indonesian Islam. Especially, after for a long time, the authorship in the pesantren tradition has been dominated by men. This paper provides a brief description of the writing tradition in the pesantren. It examines how the writing tradition has been developed by the students. It also describes the extent to which women are involved in the writing tradition of pesantren and explores some differences between older generations and the new generation. The paper argues that the most influential factor in the writing achievement among young women writers is self-esteem and learning environments including family and pesantren. Self-esteem is partly developed in a learning environment in which the writers can sharpen their writing skills, strengthen their identities, and broaden their minds. The education system in the pesantren can offer valuable programs to support for this career development.


Keywords


women writers; pesantren tradition; ‘ulama’

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arimbi, Diah Ariani. Reading Contemporary Indonesian Muslim Women Writers: Representation, Identity and Religion of Muslim Women in Indonesian Fiction. Amsterdam: Icas Publications Series, Amsterdam University Press, 2009.

Bruinessen, Martin van. "Kitab Kuning: Books in Arabic Script Used in the Pesantren Milieu (Comments on a New Collection in the Kitlv Library)." Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 146 (1990): 226–69.

----------. "Pesantren and Kitab Kuning: Maintenance and Continuation of a Tradition of Religious Learning." In Texts from the Islands: Oral and Written Traditions of Indonesia and the Malay World, Ethnologica Bernica, Vol. 4, ed. Wolfgang Marschall, 121–45. Berne: University of Berne, 1994.

Bukhory, Umar. Spiritualitas Sastra Pesantren sebagai Sub Kultur Sastra Islam. Okara (Volume 1 tahun 4, Mei 2009).

Carter, Tracey-Ann. "The Effect of Single Sex Schooling on Girls' Achievement in Physical Science." MA thesis, University of South Africa, 2005.

Curtis, Polly. "Girls Do Better without Boys, Study Finds." The Guardian (2009). http://www.guardian.co.uk/¬education/¬2009-/¬mar/18/secondary-schools-girls-gcse-results (accessed 25 July 2010).

Dugdeon, Pat, Simone Lazaroo, and Harry Pickett. "Aboriginal Girls: Self-Esteem or Self-Determination." In Hearts and Minds: Self-Esteem and the Schooling of Girls, ed. Jane Kenway and Sue Willis, 71–96. Bristol, PA: Falmer Press, 1990.

Hooks, Bell. Yearning: Race, Gender and Cultural Politics. Boston: South End Press, 1990.

Ismah, Nor. "The New Generation of Women Writers from the Pesantren Tradition in Indonesia." Explorations 11 no. 1 (2011): 106–20.

Le, V. D. "Please Understand Me—Xin Hiu Toi'!" Pivot 13, no. 5 (1986): 40–4.

Liow, Chinyong Joseph. Islamic Education and Reform in Southern Thailand: Tradition and Transformation. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2009

Mas'ud, Abdurrahman. Intelektual Pesantren, Perhelatan Agama Dan Tradisi. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2004.

Munawar, Ridwan. "Ledakan Sastra Pesantren Mutakhir: Cinta, Kritisisme, Dan Industri." Suara Karya Online, Saturday, March 3 (2007). http://www.suarakarya-online.com/news. html?id=16¬77¬41 (accessed 28 July 2011).

Noor, Noraini M. “The Relationship between Wives' Estimates of Time Spent Doing Housework, Support and Wives' Well-being,” Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 7 (1997): 413-423.

Peacock, James. "Introduction." In Javanese Lives Women and Men in Modern Indonesian Society. New Brunswick and London: Rutgers University Press, 1991.

Peha, Steve. "Welcome to Writer's Workshop," Teaching That Makes Sense, Inc., 1995. www.ttms.org (accessed 25 July 2011).

Rahman, Jamal D. "Sastra, Pesantren, Dan Radikalisme Islam." (2008). http://jamaldrahman.wordpress.com/2008/10/25/sastra-pesantren-dan-radikalisme-islam/ (accessed 28 July 2011).

Renshaw, Peter. "Self-Esteem Research and Equity Programs for Girls: A Reassessment." In Hearts and Minds: Self-Esteem and the Schooling of Girls, edited by Jane Kenway and Sue Willis, 17-33. Bristol PA: The Falmer Press, 1990.

Roberts, Rosemary and Helen Creese. "Gender, Text, Performance and Agency in Asian Cultural Contexts." Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific no. Issue 16, March (2008).

Schwalbe, M.L., V. Gecas, and R. Baxter. "The Effects of Occupational Conditions and Individual Characteristics on the Importance of Self-Esteem Sources in the Workplace." Basic and Applied Social Psychology 7 (1986): 63–84.

Sen, Krishna and David T. Hill. Media, Culture and Politics in Indonesia. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Sobariah, Siti. Interview, 18 July 2011.

Srimulyani, Eka. "Negotiating Public Space: Three Nyai Generations in a Jombang Pesantren." In Indonesian Islam in a New Era: How Women Negotiate Their Muslim Identities, ed. Susan Blackburn, Bianca J. Smith, and Siti Syamsiyatun, 119–37. Victoria: Monash University Press, 2008.

Streit, Ursula and Yolande Tanguae. "Professional Achievement, Personalty Characteristics and Professional Women's Self-Esteem." In Women Girls and Achievement, edited by Joanne. Gullivan, Sharon Diane Crozier and Vivian M. Lalande. Ontario: Captus University Publications, 1994.

Syakur, Djunaidi A. Buku Panduan Pondok Pesantren Putri Al-Munawwir Krapyak Yogyakarta Madrasah Salafiyah Iii. Yogyakarta: Pengurus Madrasah Salafiyah, 2010/2011.

Tsolidis, Georgina. "Ethnic Minority Girls and Self-Esteem." In Hearts and Minds: Self-Esteem and the Schooling of Girls, ed. Jane Kenway and Sue Willis, 53–9. Bristol, PA: Falmer Press, 1990.

Ummah, Situs Resmi Pondok Pesantren Nurul. "Peraturan Dasar Pondok Pesantren Nurul Ummah Putri Kotagede Yogyakarta." http://www.nurulummah.com/blank.php?tentang=tentangppnu/ad_art_pi.html (accessed 25 July 2011).

Wenner, Jackie. "Culture, Gender and Self-Esteem: Teaching Indo-Chinese Students." In Hearts and Minds: Self-Esteem and the Schooling of Girls, ed. Jane Kenway and Sue Willis, 97–117. Bristol, PA: Falmer Press, 1990.

Interviews

Ana FM, interview, 10 July 2011.

Jazimah al-Muhyi, email, 5 July 2011.

Ma’rifatun Baroroh, interview, 11 July 2011.

Pijer Sri Laswiji, interview, 11 July 2011.

Rida Fitria, email, 8 July 2011.

Siti Sobariyah, interview, 18 July 2011.

Ully Maftuhah, interview, 10 July 2011.




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2012.6.2.279-304

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats