THE SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION OF INDONESIAN MUSLIM FAMILY: Continuity and Change

JM Muslimin

Abstract


The study indicates that there is a tendency for family characteristics, functions, and structures to be questioned. Many people, for example, would consider unmarried couples, single mothers or single fathers, and homosexual couples to be the same legitimate expressions of family units. However, Indonesian Muslim family takes a more conservative stance, arguing that the family is a divinely inspired institution, with marriage as the starting point of its differentiation. The article explores what the family means for Muslims in general: its normative philosophy, its implement­tation in general and the challenges that will be faced. The goal is to offer an introduction to keywords and a general map of the problem. Some cases are presented as explanatory tools. The used method is library research by utilizing the results of previous research and then carried out contextualization in the Indonesian situation. There are several findings and one of the most important one is that within Indonesian muslim context, there are still several values upheld quite conventionally. Even the very basic of family issues that is the definition remains quite conservative and this is legally stated in several policies including the 1974 marriage law. In addition, there are also several interesting changes occur within Indonesian sociology of family and among the issues are roles divisions, divorces and arranged marriages.

Keywords


Muslim family; sociological explanation; marriage law

Full Text:

PDF

References


al-‘Āmûdī, W.M. Ma’ālim al-Usrah al-Muslimah fi al-Quran al-Karīm. Gaza: Islamic University of Gaza, 2010.

Alam, Nurul, Sajal K. Saha, and Jeroen K. Van Ginneken. “Determinants of divorce in a traditional Muslim community in Bangladesh”. Demographic Research 3 (2000).

al-ʿAsqalānī, Ibnu. Ḥ. Bulūghu al-Marrām min adillati al-Ahkām, M. Helmy, Trans. Bandung: Gema Risalah Press, 1991.

Al-Qardawi, Yusuf. The Lawful and the Prohibited in Islam (al-halal wal haram fil Islam). Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1999.

Anwar, Muhammad. Young Muslims in Britain: Attitudes, Educational Needs, and Policy Implications. Leicester: Islamic Foundation, 1994.

Badan Pusat Statistik, “Nikah, Talak dan Cerai, serta Rujuk, 2012–2015”. Badan Pusat Statistik, 2015, accessed on 09 November, 2018, from https://www.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2015/09/ 10/893/nikah-talak-dan-cerai-serta-rujuk-2012-2015.html

Badan Pusat Statistik. Statistik Indonesia 2017: Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2017. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik, 2017.

Badawi, Jamal A. Woman Under The Shade of Islam: A Discourse on Woman's Issues. Cairo: El-Falah, 1997.

Balleyguier, Genevieve. “What is the best mode of day care for young children: A French study”. Early Child Development and Care 33, 1-4 (1988).

Bourqia, Rahma and Susan Gilson Miller. In the Shadow of the Sultan: Culture, Power and Politics in Morocco (Vol. 31). Cambriadge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Bowler, Isobel. “‘They’re not the same as us’: midwives stereotypes of South Asian descent maternity patients”. Sociology of Health & Illness 15, 2 (1993).

BPS & KEMENPPPA. Pembangunan Ketahanan Keluarga 2016. Jakarta: Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak, 2016.

Bundey, Sarah, et al. “Race, consanguinity and social features in Birmingham babies: a basis for prospective study”. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 44.2 (1990).

Chernova, Zhanna. “New Pronatalism?: Family Policy in Post-Soviet Russia”. Region: Regional Studies of Russia, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia 1, 1 (2012).

Cox, Frank D. and Kevin Demmitt. Human Intimacy: Marriage, The Family, And Its Meaning. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning, 2013.

Darr, Aamra, and Bernadette Modell. “The frequency of consanguineous marriage among British Pakistanis”. Journal of medical genetics 25, 3 (1988).

Decision of the Minister of Religious Affairs 3/1999 on Guidelines for the Campaign of the Creation Harmonious Family

De La Lama, Luisa Batthyany, et.al., “The soul mates model: A seven-stage model for couple’s long-term relationship development and flourishing”. The Family Journal 20, 3 (2012).

Dhami, Sangeeta, and Aziz Sheikh. “The Muslim family: predicament and promise”. Western Journal of Medicine 173, 5 (2000).

Dockalova, B., et al. Sustainable Development Goals and Family Planning 2020. London: IPPF, 2016.

Doi, Abdur Rahman. Shariah: The Islamic Law. London: Ta Ha Publishers, 1984.

Francome, Colin. Great Leap 2: A Study of Muslim Students. London: Middlesex University, 1994.

Glick, Paul C. and Arthur J. Norton. “Frequency, duration, and probability of marriage and divorce”. Journal of Marriage and the Family 33, 2 (1971).

Goodwin, Jan. Price of Honor: Muslim Women Lift the Veil of Silence on the Islamic World (revised edition). New York: Plume, 1995.

Gray, John. Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus And Children Are From Heaven. London: Vermilion, 1999.

Guillebaud, John. The Pill. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Haddad, Mohamed. “The family as a Space of Social Integration in Islam.” H. Reinfeld (Ed.), Marriage, Family and Society: A Dialogue in Islam. German: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, 2006.

John Gottman and ‎Nan Silver. The Seven Principles for Making Marriage Work: A Practical Guide from the Country’s Foremost Relationship Expert. New York. Harmony Books, 2015.

Jorgensen, Bradley. “Baby Boomers, Generation X and Generation Y? Policy implications for defence forces in the modern era”. Foresight 5, 4 (2003).

Katz, June S. and Ronald S. Katz. “Legislating social change in a developing country: The new Indonesian marriage law revisited.” The American Journal of Comparative Law 26, 2 (1978).

Kompas, “Bahaya Narkoba,” 25/4/2016.

Law 10/1992 on Population Growth and the Development of Prosperous Family.

Law 52/2009 on Population Growth and the Development of Prosperous Family.

Law 1/1974 on Marriage.

Manzur, Yamal al-Din Muhammad Ibn. Lisan al-arab. Beirut, Lebanon: Al Dar al-Misriyya Li-l-ta’lif wa-l-tarhim, 1975

Matondang, Armansyah. “Faktor-faktor yang mengakibatkan perceraian dalam perkawinan”. JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area 2, 2 (2014).

McDermott, Mustafa Yusuf and Muhammad Manazir Ahsan. The Muslim guide: for teachers, employers, community and social administrators in Britain. Leicester: Islamic Foundation, 1980.

McPherson, Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Matthew E. Brashears. “Social isolation in America: Changes in core discussion networks over two decades”. American sociological review 71, 3 (2006).

Mubarok, Achmad. Psikologi Keluarga, dari keluarga sakinah hingga keluarga bangsa. Jakarta: PT. Bina Rena Pariwara, 2005.

Nasution, Khoiruddin and Syamruddin Nasution. “Peraturan dan Program Membangun Ketahanan Keluarga: Kajian Sejarah Hukum”. Asy-Syir’ah 51, 1 (2017).

Newman, Jocelyn. Discussion Paper: The Challenge of Welfare Dependency in the 21st Century. Canberra: Department of Family and Community Services, 2000.

Pahl, Ray and Liz Spencer. “Family, friends, and personal communities: Changing models‐in‐the‐mind”. Journal of Family Theory & Review 2, 3 (2010).

Prianto, Budhy, Nawang Warsi Wulandari and Agustin Rahmawati. “Rendahnya komitmen dalam perkawinan sebagai sebab perceraian”. Komunitas: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture 5, 2 (2013).

Puspitawati, Herien. Gender dan Keluarga: Konsep dan Realita di Indonesia. Bogor: IPB Press, 2012.

Rais, Isnawati. “Kedudukan Hukum Perempuan Dalam Undang-Undang Perkawinan (UUP)”. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia 7, 2 (2012).

Reniers, Georges. “Divorce and remarriage in rural Malawi”. Demographic Research 1, 1 (2003).

Saidan, Muh. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Penyebab Terjadinya Perceraian Di Pemkot Surakarta Tahun 2013-2014 (Studi Kasus di Pengadilan Agama Surakarta). Surakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2015.

Sternberg, Robert J. Triangulating Love in Oord, TJ The Altruism Reader: Selections from Writings on Love, Religion, and Science. West Conshohocken, PA: Templeton Foundation, 2007.

Suhendi, Hendi and Ramdani Wahyu. Pengantar Studi Sosiologi Keluarga. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2001.

Suyin, H. “Family planning in China”. Developpement & Civilisations, 47, (1972).

Tim Bina KUA & Keluarga Sakinah Ditjen Bimas Islam Kemenag RI. Fondasi Keluarga Sakinah Bacaan Mandiri Calon Pengantin. Jakarta: Subdit Bina Keluarga Sakinah, 2017.

Uly Siregar, “Beban Berat Menjanda di Indonesia,” DW, 2018, accessed on 9 Nopember, 2018, from https://www.dw.com/id/beban-berat-menjanda-di-indonesia/a-42745045-0

Waddy, Charis. Women in Muslim History. London: Longman, 1980

Wayte, Christopher. “Bible is disapproving of homosexual activity but not homosexual orientation”. BMJ 319, 7202 (1999).




DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2019.13.2.395-420

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License
JIIS by http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats